Asparagaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 40. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asparagaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000050. Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

Morphology

Stamens 6, in two series, fused to the perianth segments, present both in unisexual and bisexual flowers, non-functional in female unisexual flowers; filaments free from each other, anthers introrse, dorsifixed; pollen grains sulcate

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    Seeds black, globose or truncate on one side, convex on the other

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    Fruit a globose berry with 1– 2(– 3) seeds

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    Pistil with 3 carpels united to form a 2– 3-locular ovary with 1– 12 ovules in each locule; placentation axile; style short with capitate or lobed stigma

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    Perennial scandent or erect shrubs or subshrubs, branching; rhizomes sympodial from where the branches are growing; roots often swollen and fusiform

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    Spines present or absent; when present these are formed usually from the reduced leaves, occasionally from branches

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    Leaves normally reduced and scale-like, the assimilating function taken by modified green branches (cladodes); in some genera the branches are transformed into flattened, leaf-like cladodes (phylloclades)

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    Cladodes solitary or fascicled, subulate, angled or linear

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    Inflorescence axillary or terminal, solitary, fascicled or assembled in racemes or “ umbels”

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    Flowers unisexual or bisexual, actinomorphic, small, erect or pendulous

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    Perianth with 6 tepals in two series, all similar in shape, free or fused at the base, white, cream, yellow or green

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    Distribution

    Family represented by the genus Asparagus with two subgenera, subgenus >i>Asparagus and subgenus >i>Myrsiphyllum (S.T. Malcomber & Sebsebe Demissew in Kew Bull. 48(1): 63– 78 (1993)). The members are widely distributed in the old world. Most species are found in arid tropical regions and Mediterranean climates

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    Included Genus

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).