Berberidaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 286. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)
  • Barberry Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Berberidaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000069. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2022'

General Information

Herbs or shrubs [trees] , perennial, evergreen or deciduous, sometimes rhizomatous. Stems with or without spines. Leaves alternate, opposite, or fascicled, simple, 2-3-foliolate, or 1-3-pinnately or 2-3(-4)-ternately compound; stipules present or absent; venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, cymes, umbels (or umbel-like), spikes, or panicles, or flowers solitary or in pairs, flowers pedicellate or sessile. Flowers bisexual, inconspicuous or showy, radially symmetric; stipitate glands absent (except in Vancouveria ); sepaloid bracteoles 0-9; perianth sometimes absent ( Achlys ), more frequently present, 2- or 3-merous, or sepals and petals intergrading ( Nandis ); sepals 6, distinct, often petaloid and colored, not spurred; petals 6-9, distinct, plane or hooded; nectary present; stamens 6; anthers dehiscing by valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, apparently 1-carpellate; placentation marginal or appearing basal; style present or absent, sometimes persistent in fruit as beak. Fruits follicles, berries, or utricles. Seeds 1-50, sometimes arillate; endosperm abundant; embryo large or small; mature seeds elevated on elongating stalk in Caulophyllum.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Herbs, perennial, or shrubs, rarely small trees, evergreen or deciduous, sometimes rhizomatous or tuberous. Stems with or without spines. Leaves alternate, opposite, or basal, simple, or 1-3 × pinnately or 2-3 × ternately compound; stipules present or absent; venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes, umbels, cymes, or panicles, or flowers fascicled or solitary. Flowers pedicellate or sessile, bisexual, radially symmetric; bracteoles or bracts present or absent. Perianth usually 2- or 3-merous, rarely absent. Sepals 6-9, often petaloid, distinct, in 2 or 3 whorls. Petals 6, distinct, flat, hooded, pouched, or spurred; nectary present or absent. Stamens 6, opposite petals; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing by valves or longitudinal silts. Ovary superior, apparently 1-carpellate; ovules numerous, rarely solitary; placentation marginal or appearing basal; style present or absent, sometimes persistent in fruit as a beak. Fruit a berry, capsule, follicle, or utricle. Seeds 1 to numerous, sometimes arillate; endosperm abundant.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of China @ efloras.org
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    Fls hypogynous, regular, perfect, all parts free and distinct, the cal, cor, and androecium often bicyclic; sep 4 or 6, sometimes early deciduous, in some genera petaloid; pet as many as or more than the sep, sometimes represented only by staminodial nectaries; stamens as many as the pet and opposite them, with anthers opening by uplifting valves, or (in Podophyllum) twice as many and opening by longitudinal slits; ovary 1, 1-celled and seemingly monocarpous, tapering to a sessile stigma; ovules 1–many; fr a berry or capsule (see also Caulophyllum); seeds with small, or slender and elongate, dicotyledonous embryo and copious endosperm, often arillate; herbs or shrubs with alternate or basal (see also Podophyllum), simple to compound leaves usually dilated at the base or stipulate, and solitary, racemose or cymose fls. 13/650.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
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    Morphology

    Sepals and petals similar or dissimilar, in 2 to several series, free, hypogynous, imbricate or the outer valvate, caducous, rarely absent

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Stamens 4–9, opposite the petals, hypogynous, free; anthers 2-thecous, opening lengthwise or by valves

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    Ovary 1 -locular; ovules few, ascending, or more rarely numerous; style short or absent

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Fruit a berry, achene or capsule

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Shrubs or herbs

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Leaves alternate or radical, simple or compound

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Stipules usually absent

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Flowers bisexual, in panicles, racemes, fascicles or solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Seeds with copious endosperm and small or long embryo; cotyledons short

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Sepals and petals usually similar, in 2-several series, hypogynous, free, imbricate or the outer valvate, rarely absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 4–9, opposite the petals, hypogynous, free; anthers 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits or valves

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary 1-locular; ovules basal or ventral, anatropous, few or sometimes numerous

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Style short or absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Shrubs or herbs, the latter often with tubers or rhizomes

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate or radical, simple or compound; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers variously arranged in panicles, racemes, clusters or solitary, regular, hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a berry, achene or capsule

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo small or long

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Ernst, W. R. 1964. The genera of Berberidaceae, Lardizabalaceae, and Menispermaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 1-35. Loconte, H. 1993. Berberidaceae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 2+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 2, pp. 147-152. Loconte, H. and J. R. Estes. 1989b. Phylogenetic systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales (Magnoliidae). Syst. Bot. 14: 565-579. Meacham, C. A. 1980. Phylogeny of the Berberidaceae with an evaluation of classifications. Syst. Bot. 5: 149-172. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (in English).... Washington. Nowicke, J. W. and J. J. Skvarla. 1981. Pollen morphology and phylogenetic relationships of the Berberidaceae. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 50: 1-83. Terebayashi, S. 1985. The comparative floral anatomy and systematics of the Berberidaceae. I. Morphology. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyoto Univ., Ser. Biol. 10: 73-90. Terebayashi, S. 1985b. The comparative floral anatomy and systematics of the Berberidaceae. II. Systematic considerations. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36: 1-13.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Barberry Family

     Information From

    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • B
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    https://www.nybg.org/
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Berberidaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Berberidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).