Burseraceae Kunth
  • Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 2: 346. 1824. (Jul 1824)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Burseraceae Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000092. Accessed on: 31 Mar 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, resiniferous. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, odd-pinnate, 3-foliolate (or rarely 1-foliolate), stipulate or exstipulate. Inflorescence racemose or paniculate. Flowers regular, small, unisexual or bisexual, often polygamous. Calyx 3-6-lobed, imbricate or valvate. Petals 3-6, free or rarely connate, imbricate or valvate. Disk annular or cupular, usually conspicuous. Stamens as many as or 2 × as many as petals, inserted at base or margin of disk, equal or unequal; filaments free, rarely connate at base; anthers dorsifixed or rarely adnate, 2-thecate, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary superior, usually 2-5-celled; ovules 2 or rarely 1 in each cell, usually anatropous, axile, pendulous or rarely ascending, micropyle superior, raphe adaxial; style simple; stigma undivided or 2-5-lobed. Fruit drupaceous, indehiscent, containing 2-5 pyrenes, or rarely pseudocapsular and dehiscent. Seeds solitary, exalbuminous; testa membranous; cotyledons usually membranous, contortuplicate, rarely fleshy and planoconvex; radicle superior.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Sepals 3–5, imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or often unisexual, small

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    Ovary superior, 2–8-celled; ovules 2 or 1 in each cell, axile

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Stamens the same or double the number of the petals; filaments free; anthers 2-celled, opening by slits

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Disk present

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    • 1
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    Petals 3–5, rarely absent, free or variously connate, imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Seeds without endosperm; cotyledons often contortuplicate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Fruit a drupe or rarely a capsule

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Trees or shrubs, secreting resin or oil

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, pinnate, rarely 1-foliolate; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Ovary superior, 2–5-locular; ovules (1) 2 in each loculus, axile

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Fruit a drupe (the exocarp sometimes tardily splitting into 2–4-valves)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Disk present (or sometimes apparently absent), often lobed

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Stamens twice as many as the petals or of equal number (outside our area); filaments free or slightly connate at the base; anthers 2-thecous, opening longitudinally

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Seeds without endosperm; cotyledons usually contorted, palmatilobed or conduplicate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees or shrubs, usually secreting resin or oil

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, bipinnate (but not in our area) or imparipinnate or 3-foliolate or 1-foliolate or very rarely simple; leaflet margins entire or variously serrate; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Calyx 3–5-lobed, lobes imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers unisexual or more rarely bisexual

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals 3–5 (rarely absent), free (or variously connate outside our area)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Trees or shrubs, rarely subscandent, usually secreting resin or oil but without pellucid gland-dots in the leaves; the outer bark often peeling off in flakes, scrolls, strips or sheets, usually translucent, transmitting light to the green or bluish green under-bark

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers rather small, regular, bisexual or imperfectly unisexual and dioecious, in panicles, corymbs, racemes, cymes or fascicles, or solitary

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves spirally arranged, usually without stipules, imparipinnate, 1–3-foliolate or occasionally simple, rarely bipinnate in America

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals (0–)3–5(–6), valvate or imbricate, almost always free

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Receptacle saucer-shaped or cupular; calyx, ± divided into 3–5(–6) usually valvate lobes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Ovary superior, 2–5(6–8)-locular, with 2 ovules pendent from the apex of each locule

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens placed outside or on the margin of a disc, (3–5)–6, 8 or 10(–12), usually twice as many as the petals and in 2 whorls

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Fruit a 1–5-seeded drupe or pseudocapsule

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).