Burseraceae Kunth
  • Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 2: 346. 1824. (Jul 1824)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Burseraceae Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000092. Accessed on: 18 Jun 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, resiniferous. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, odd-pinnate, 3-foliolate (or rarely 1-foliolate), stipulate or exstipulate. Inflorescence racemose or paniculate. Flowers regular, small, unisexual or bisexual, often polygamous. Calyx 3-6-lobed, imbricate or valvate. Petals 3-6, free or rarely connate, imbricate or valvate. Disk annular or cupular, usually conspicuous. Stamens as many as or 2 × as many as petals, inserted at base or margin of disk, equal or unequal; filaments free, rarely connate at base; anthers dorsifixed or rarely adnate, 2-thecate, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary superior, usually 2-5-celled; ovules 2 or rarely 1 in each cell, usually anatropous, axile, pendulous or rarely ascending, micropyle superior, raphe adaxial; style simple; stigma undivided or 2-5-lobed. Fruit drupaceous, indehiscent, containing 2-5 pyrenes, or rarely pseudocapsular and dehiscent. Seeds solitary, exalbuminous; testa membranous; cotyledons usually membranous, contortuplicate, rarely fleshy and planoconvex; radicle superior.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Sepals 3–5, imbricate or valvate

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    Flowers hermaphrodite or often unisexual, small

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    Ovary superior, 2–8-celled; ovules 2 or 1 in each cell, axile

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    Stamens the same or double the number of the petals; filaments free; anthers 2-celled, opening by slits

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    Disk present

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    Petals 3–5, rarely absent, free or variously connate, imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Seeds without endosperm; cotyledons often contortuplicate

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    Fruit a drupe or rarely a capsule

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    Trees or shrubs, secreting resin or oil

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, pinnate, rarely 1-foliolate; stipules absent

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    • 1
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    Ovary superior, 2–5-locular; ovules (1) 2 in each loculus, axile

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a drupe (the exocarp sometimes tardily splitting into 2–4-valves)

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    Disk present (or sometimes apparently absent), often lobed

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    Stamens twice as many as the petals or of equal number (outside our area); filaments free or slightly connate at the base; anthers 2-thecous, opening longitudinally

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    Seeds without endosperm; cotyledons usually contorted, palmatilobed or conduplicate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Trees or shrubs, usually secreting resin or oil

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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, bipinnate (but not in our area) or imparipinnate or 3-foliolate or 1-foliolate or very rarely simple; leaflet margins entire or variously serrate; stipules absent

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    Calyx 3–5-lobed, lobes imbricate or valvate

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    Flowers unisexual or more rarely bisexual

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    Petals 3–5 (rarely absent), free (or variously connate outside our area)

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    Trees or shrubs, rarely subscandent, usually secreting resin or oil but without pellucid gland-dots in the leaves; the outer bark often peeling off in flakes, scrolls, strips or sheets, usually translucent, transmitting light to the green or bluish green under-bark

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    Flowers rather small, regular, bisexual or imperfectly unisexual and dioecious, in panicles, corymbs, racemes, cymes or fascicles, or solitary

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    Leaves spirally arranged, usually without stipules, imparipinnate, 1–3-foliolate or occasionally simple, rarely bipinnate in America

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    Petals (0–)3–5(–6), valvate or imbricate, almost always free

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    Receptacle saucer-shaped or cupular; calyx, ± divided into 3–5(–6) usually valvate lobes

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    Ovary superior, 2–5(6–8)-locular, with 2 ovules pendent from the apex of each locule

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    Stamens placed outside or on the margin of a disc, (3–5)–6, 8 or 10(–12), usually twice as many as the petals and in 2 whorls

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    Fruit a 1–5-seeded drupe or pseudocapsule

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    Arbres'ou arbustes quelquefois épineux; canaux de l'écorce résinifères.'Feuilles'alternes, rarement opposées, stipulées ou non, composées imparipennées, rarement simples ou unifoliolées, glandulaires.'Inflorescences'en panicules, racèmes ou corymbes; fleurs unisexuées ou polygames, rarement hermaphrodites, actinomorphes.'Fleurs'♂ à calice 3-5-lobé; pétales 3-5, imbriqués ou valvaires, rarement absents, libres ou soudés en tube; étamines obstémones ou obdiplostémones, rarement plus nombreuses, libres; disque présent ou absent; anthères 2- loculaires ; thèques à déhiscence longitudinale.'Fleurs'♀ à sépales et pétales ± semblables à ceux des fleurs ♂; ovaire 1-5-loculaire, généralement lobé, quelquefois ovaire apocarpe; ovules 1-2 ou plus par loge.'Fruits'drupacés, indéhiscents, quelquefois samaroïdes.'Graines droites ou courbes, avec ou sans endosperme; cotylédons composés, lobés ou entiers, condupliqués, plissés ou aplatis.\n\t\t\tSeize genres et environ 550 espèces, dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales. Six genres connus en Afrique totalisant environ 190 espèces, le genre'Commiphora Jacq. comptant à lui seul 132 espèces. Au Congo belge, 4 genres, 10 espèces.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).