Canellaceae Mart.
  • Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 168, 170. 1832. (Sep 1832)
  • Canella or Wild-Cinnamon Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Canellaceae Mart. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000108. Accessed on: 26 Nov 2020'

General Information

Trees [or prostrate shrubs], evergreen, aromatic. Pith homogeneous. Leaves alternate, simple, without stipules; petiole short. Leaf blade pinnately veined, unlobed, margins entire; pellucid dots (oil cells in tissue of leaf) conspicuous or inconspicuous. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, cymes [racemes or solitary flowers], pedunculate; bracts present or absent. Flowers bisexual; perianth hypogynous, segments imbricate; sepals persistent, 3; petals 5[-12] in 1[-4] whorl(s); stamens [7-]10[-12], hypogynous, monadelphous; filaments connate, forming tube around pistil; anthers extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistil 1, superior, 2-6-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; placentation parietal, placentas 2[-6]; ovules 2-3 per placenta; style 1, generally short; stigma 1, usually 2-6-lobed. Fruits berries. Seeds 2 or more, not arillate; endosperm oily [ruminate].

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Sepals 3, persistent

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    Petals 5–12, free or united into a tube at the base, rather thick, in 1 or 2 whorls

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    Inflorescences axillary or axillary and terminal, cymose

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    Flowers regular, hermaphrodite

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    Fruit a berry

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    Seeds 2-many, shining with oily fleshy endosperm

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    Stamens hypogynous, 6–12; filaments united into a tube; anthers extrorse, adnate to the upper part of the tube, bilobed, each lobe composed of two microsporangia

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    Ovary superior, unilocular; ovules 2-many on 2–6 parietal placentas, subanatropous

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    Style short and thick; stigmas 2–6

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    Leaves simple, alternate, gland-dotted, without stipules

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    Aromatic glabrous trees

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    Style thick and short; stigmas 2–5

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    Aromatic glabrous trees

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    Fruit a berry

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    Leaves simple, gland-dotted, alternate, without stipules

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    Stamens hypogynous, up to 20; filaments united into a tube; anthers extrorse, adnate to the upper part of the tube

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    Inflorescences axillary or axillary and terminal, cymose; bracts three, persistent

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    Ovary superior, 1–locular; ovules 2–many, subanatropous; placentation parietal, placentae 2–5

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    Seeds 2–many, shining, with oily and fleshy endosperm

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    Flowers regular, hermaphrodite

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    Sepals 4–5, free, rather thick, imbricate

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    Petals 4–12, free or connate, thin, imbricate or wanting

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    Arbres'ou arbrisseaux aromatiques.'Feuilles'sans stipules, alternes, simples, penninerves, à points translucides.'Inflorescences'axillaires ou axillaires et terminales, en cymes, en racèmes ou fleurs solitaires; bractées et bractéoles souvent présentes, parfois minuscules.'Fleurs'☿, régulières; sépales 3, libres ou soudés à la base; pétales 4-12, les externes souvent plus grands, imbriqués dans le bouton, libres ou soudés en tube campanulé largement lobé; tube staminal portant au sommet à l'extérieur 5-20 anthères 2-loculaires, à déhiscence longitudinale; loges parfois divisées en logettes; ovaire supère, 1-loculaire, à 2-6 placentas centraux portant 2-∞ ovules semi-anatropes; style court, épais; stigmate 2-6-lobé ou tronqué.'Fruits': baies.'Graines 2-∞, ± luisantes; albumen charnu et oléagineux.\n\t\t\tFamille groupant 5 genres et 11 espèces de la Floride du Sud, des Antilles, d'Amérique du Sud, de Madagascar et d'Afrique tropicale orientale; au Congo, 1 genre et 1 espèce.

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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Behnke, H.-D. 1988. Sieve-element plastids, phloem protein, and evolution of flowering plants. III. Magnoliidae. Taxon 37(3): 699-732. Correll, D. S. and H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. Vaduz. Dahlgren, R. M. T. 1980. A revised system of classification of the angiosperms. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 80: 91-124. Gilg, E. 1925. Canellaceae. In: H. G. A. Engler et al., eds. 1924+. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien..., ed. 2. 26+ vols. Leipzig and Berlin. Vol. 21, pp. 323-328. Melchior, H. and W. Schultze-Motel. 1959. Canellaceae. (Supplement to Vol. 21.) In: H. G. A. Engler et al., eds. 1924+. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien..., ed. 2. 26+ vols. Leipzig and Berlin. Vol. 17a(2), pp. 221-224. Tomlinson, P. B. 1980. The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Allston, Mass. Wilson, T. K. 1960. The comparative morphology of the Canellaceae. I. Synopsis of genera and wood anatomy. Trop. Woods 112: 1-27. Wood, C. E. Jr. 1958. The genera of the woody Ranales in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 39(3): 296-346.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Canella or Wild-Cinnamon Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Canellaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).