Shrubs or trees, tardily deciduous to evergreen. Leaves alternate (2-ranked), simple; stipules present; petiole present, ; blade , margins entire or remotely toothed; venation pinnate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, thyrses [cymes, racemes, or panicles]. Flowers bisexual; perianth and androecium perigynous; hypanthium free, ; sepals 5, distinct; petals [0 or 4–]5, distinct; nectary present, ; stamens [2–]14–22[–300], connate basally to proximally [distinct], free; anthers , dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, 3-carpellate with 1 [rarely 2–3] carpel developing, ovary superior, 1[–3]-locular, placentation basal; ovules 2 per locule, anatropous; style 1, ; stigmas  3. Fruits drupes. Seeds 1 per fruit.
Petals 5, rarely absent (not in our area), sometimes unequal, imbricate, often caducous
Trees, shrubs or rhizomatous, geoxylic suffrutices
Stamens 2–100 or more, included or exserted, inserted in 1 or 2 rows on the margin of the disk or adnate to its abaxial surface, either all fertile and forming a complete circle or partly staminodial; filaments free or appearing connate at the base or (not in our area) ligulately connate; anthers small, 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally
Ovary superior, basically of 3 carpels and gynobasic but usually with only 1 carpel fully developed, attached to base, middle or mouth of receptacle-tube, sessile or on a short gynophore, always hairy, each carpel 1-locular with 2 ovules, or 2-locular, owing to a false septum, with 1 ovule in each compartment; style filiform; stigma distinctly or indistinctly 3-lobed
Fruit a dry or fleshy drupe; endocarp thick or thin, fibrous, granular or bony, often with a special mechanism for seedling escape, often densely hairy inside
Seed erect, exalbuminous; cotyledons plano-convex, fleshy, sometimes ruminate
Stipules small and caducous to large and persistent
Germination hypogeal or epigeal; first leaves of seedling opposite or alternate
Wood always with abundant silica inclusions
Leaves simple, entire, alternate, often coriaceous, usually with two glands at base of lamina or near apex of petiole
Flowers mostly (in our area always) bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, strongly perigynous
Inflorescence a cyme, panicle or raceme
Sepals 5, free, imbricate, often unequal, ascending or reflexed
SELECTED REFERENCES Prance, G. T. 1970. The genera of Chrysobalanaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 51: 521–528. Prance, G. T. 1972. Chrysobalanaceae. In: Organization for Flora Neotropica. 1968+. Flora Neotropica. 109+ nos. New York. No. 9. Prance, G. T. and C. A. Sothers. 2003. Chrysobalanaceae. In: Australian Biological Resources Study. 1999+. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World. 11+ parts. Canberra. Parts 9, 10.
Christopher F. Nixon† "Chrysobalanaceae R. Br. in Flora of North America @ efloras.org" eFlora. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA., 2017. Web. Accessed February 2018.