Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
  • Narr. Exped. Zaire 433. 1818. (5 Mar 1818)
  • Coco-plum Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Chrysobalanaceae R.Br. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000132. Accessed on: 08 Aug 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, tardily deciduous to evergreen. Leaves alternate (2-ranked), simple; stipules present; petiole present, ; blade , margins entire or remotely toothed; venation pinnate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, thyrses [cymes, racemes, or panicles]. Flowers bisexual; perianth and androecium perigynous; hypanthium free, ; sepals 5, distinct; petals [0 or 4–]5, distinct; nectary present, ; stamens [2–]14–22[–300], connate basally to proximally [distinct], free; anthers , dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, 3-carpellate with 1 [rarely 2–3] carpel developing, ovary superior, 1[–3]-locular, placentation basal; ovules 2 per locule, anatropous; style 1, ; stigmas [1] 3. Fruits drupes. Seeds 1 per fruit.

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    Morphology

    Petals 5, rarely absent (not in our area), sometimes unequal, imbricate, often caducous

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    Trees, shrubs or rhizomatous, geoxylic suffrutices

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    Stamens 2–100 or more, included or exserted, inserted in 1 or 2 rows on the margin of the disk or adnate to its abaxial surface, either all fertile and forming a complete circle or partly staminodial; filaments free or appearing connate at the base or (not in our area) ligulately connate; anthers small, 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally

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    Ovary superior, basically of 3 carpels and gynobasic but usually with only 1 carpel fully developed, attached to base, middle or mouth of receptacle-tube, sessile or on a short gynophore, always hairy, each carpel 1-locular with 2 ovules, or 2-locular, owing to a false septum, with 1 ovule in each compartment; style filiform; stigma distinctly or indistinctly 3-lobed

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    Fruit a dry or fleshy drupe; endocarp thick or thin, fibrous, granular or bony, often with a special mechanism for seedling escape, often densely hairy inside

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    Seed erect, exalbuminous; cotyledons plano-convex, fleshy, sometimes ruminate

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    Stipules small and caducous to large and persistent

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    • 1
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    Germination hypogeal or epigeal; first leaves of seedling opposite or alternate

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    Wood always with abundant silica inclusions

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    Leaves simple, entire, alternate, often coriaceous, usually with two glands at base of lamina or near apex of petiole

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    Flowers mostly (in our area always) bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, strongly perigynous

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    Inflorescence a cyme, panicle or raceme

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    • 1
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    Sepals 5, free, imbricate, often unequal, ascending or reflexed

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    Receptacle-tube short to elongate, straight or curved, often gibbous at the base, always lined with nectariferous tissue which is extended at the throat as a short annular disk; throat at least partly blocked by long hairs

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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Prance, G. T. 1970. The genera of Chrysobalanaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 51: 521–528. Prance, G. T. 1972. Chrysobalanaceae. In: Organization for Flora Neotropica. 1968+. Flora Neotropica. 109+ nos. New York. No. 9. Prance, G. T. and C. A. Sothers. 2003. Chrysobalanaceae. In: Australian Biological Resources Study. 1999+. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World. 11+ parts. Canberra. Parts 9, 10.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 2
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Coco-plum Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Chrysobalanaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).