Cornaceae Bercht. ex J.Presl
  • Přir. Rostlin 2(23): 92, 91. 1825.
  • Dogwood Family


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees or shrubs, rarely rhizomatous herbs, mostly deciduous, sometimes evergreen, hermaphroditic [dioecious in African species]. Old branches terete, pith white or brown, lenticels and leaf scars often conspicuous; young branches rounded or slightly 4-ridged; nodes slightly swollen. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate or whorled, estipulate, petiolate, rarely sessile; leaf blade simple, entire, pinnately veined, rarely parallel veined, often pubescent, sometimes papillate; trichomes often 2-armed, arms equal or unequal, appressed and T-shaped, or raised and V- or Y-shaped, or pseudofiliform. Inflorescences cymose, paniculate, corymbose, umbellate, or capitulate, terminal, rarely lateral; bracts minute, not petaloid, early caducous, or 4(–6) and usually showy. Flowers 4-merous. Calyx tubular, fused to ovary, minutely 4-dentate or truncate. Petals 4, free, creamy white or yellow, rarely dark reddish purple or partially dark reddish purple, valvate. Stamens 4, surrounding a fleshy floral disk, alternate petals. Anthers longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary inferior; carpels 2, rarely 3 or 4; locules 2, rarely 3 or 4; ovules pendulous, 1 per locule; style 1, columnar or clavate; stigma capitate, disciform, punctate, or truncate, sometimes slightly 2-lobed. Fruit a drupaceous berry, white, blue, red, or black, berries distinct or fused into a fleshy syncarpous compound fruit; stone of fruit bony, 1- or 2(–4)-chambered, seeds 1 or 2(–4); endosperm oily; cotyledons 2, leaflike.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, shrubs, or trees, perennial, deciduous, synoecious [dioecious]; hairs unbranched or 2-armed (occasionally 1 arm absent). Leaves usually opposite, sometimes alternate, simple; stipules absent; petiole usually present, sometimes absent; blade margins entire; venation pinnate (eucamptodromous). Inflorescences axillary or terminal, cymes, umbels, or capitula. Flowers bisexual [unisexual]; perianth and androecium epigynous; hypanthium completely adnate to ovary; sepals 4(–5), distinct or slightly connate; petals 4(–5), distinct, valvate; nectary present, intrastaminal; stamens 4(–5), distinct, free; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, [1–]2[–4]-carpellate, ovary inferior, [1–]2[–4]-locular, placentation apical; ovules 1 per locule, apotropous to epitropous; style 1; stigmas 2. Fruits drupes, rarely fused into a syncarp. Seeds 1(–2) per fruit.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, entire or serrate; stipules usually absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs or rarely perennial herbs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or dioecious, in racemes, panicles, umbels, clusters of Cymules or compact heads

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Petals 4–5 or rarely absent, imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Calyx-tube adnate to the ovary; sepals 4–5 or absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Fruit a drupe or berry; embryo small in abundant endosperm

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ovary inferior, usually 2-celled but often 1–4 (–10)-celled; ovules pendulous, one per loculus

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stamens 4–5, alternating with the petals

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs, rarely perennial herbs or woody lianes

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seed with copious endosperm and a small embryo

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual (then the plants usually monoecious or polygamodioecious), actinomorphic in cymes or panicles, umbels or rarely in capitula and then with large petal-like bracts

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite or less commonly alternate, simple, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit typically a drupe, sometimes a berry

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Style 1 or several rising from a glandular disk

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovules with 1 integument

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Placentation usually axile, with 1 anatropous pendulous ovule in each loculus

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovary inferior, with (1)2–4 locules

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens the same number as the petals and alternating with them, anthers 2-celled dehiscing laterally or rarely introrsely

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals 4–5 (rarely lacking), aestivation imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx-tube adnate to the ovary, sepals 4–5

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Dogwood Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Cornaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).