Erythroxylaceae Kunth
  • Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) 5: 175. 1822. (25 Feb 1822)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Erythroxylaceae Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000221. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or trees. Stipules intrapetiolar. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Flowers usually bisexual, in axillary fascicles or cymes, regular, 5-merous, often heterostylous. Sepals 5, basally connate, with imbricate or valvate lobes, persistent. Petals 5, distinct, imbricate, usually with a scale on inner face at base. Stamens 5, 10, or 20, 1- or 2-verticillate; filament bases usually connate into a tube; anthers elliptic, 2-celled, with longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, connected with 3-5 carpels, 3-5-locular, with 1(or 2) axile; ovules pendulous, anatropous to hemitropous, placentation axile; styles 1-3 or 5, distinct or somewhat connate; stigmas oblique. Fruit a capsule or a 1-seeded drupe. Seeds with straight embryo and copious (rarely absent) endosperm.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Calyx persistent, campanulate, lobes 5, imbricate

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    Flowers fasciculate, hermaphrodite, rarely subdioecious, hypogynous, actinomorphic

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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple, entire; stipules intrapetiolar, rarely extrapetiolar, often caducous

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    Trees, shrubs, or undershrubs

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    Fruit drupaceous; seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight

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    Ovary of 3 carpels, 3-celled, mostly two of the cells sterile, fertile cells 1–2-ovuled; ovules pendulous; styles 3, free or more or less connate; stigmas oblique, depressed-capitate or clavate

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    Petals 5, free, deciduous, imbricate, mostly ligulate on the inside

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    Stamens 10, in 2 series, more or less connate at the base; anthers ellipsoid, 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Fruit a 1-seeded fleshy drupe or rarely a 3(–4)-locular, 3(–4)-seeded capsule dehiscing longitudinally

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    Seeds with no aril and no or very little endosperm; embryo straight with flat or semiconvex cotyledons

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    Stamens 10, all fertile, the filaments united at the base to form a shallow or urn-shaped cup, sometimes glandular; anthers basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally

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    Ovary superior, 2–3(–4)-locular, the locules with 1 or rarely 2 pendulous ovules; styles 2–3(–4), free or ± united, with club-shaped, capitate or rarely acute stigmas

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    Sepals (4–)5, valvate, ± united

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    Petals (4–)5, with contorted aestivation, free, clawed, soon falling, usually with a ligulate nectariferous appendage inside

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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple, entire, pinnately nerved; stipules ± united, intrapetiolar or rarely interpetiolar

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    Flowers axillary, solitary, in fascicles or rarely in pedunculate inflorescences, regular, hermaphrodite or unisexual, heterostylous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, glabrous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a 1-seeded fleshy drupe (or rarely a 3 (4)-locular 3 (4)-seeded capsule dehiscing longitudinally)

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    Seeds not compressed, exarillate, without or with scanty endosperm; embryo straight, with flat or semiconvex cotyledons

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Trees, shrubs or shrublets, glabrous

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    Leaves alternate (or rarely opposite), simple, entire, penninerved, with stipules ± united and intrapetiolar (or rarely interpetiolar)

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    Ovary superior, 2–3 (4)-locular, with each loculus 1-ovulate (or rarely 2-ovulate); ovules pendulous; styles 2–3 (4), free or ± united, with stigmas clavate to obliquely capitate or depressed-capitate rarely acute

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    Stamens 5 + 5, all fertile, with filaments united at the base to form a deep urceole or shallow rarely glandiferous cup; anthers basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally

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    Petals (4) 5, contorted in bud, free, unguiculate, caducous, usually with a ventral ligule-like nectariferous appendage

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    Sepals (4) 5, valvate, ± united

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    Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles (rarely pedunculate), actinomorphic, bisexual or rarely subdioecious, heterostylic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Arbres , arbrisseaux.'Feuilles'alternes, distiques, entières; stipules intrapétiolaires, parfois soudées en une pièce triangulaire ± longuement persistante.'Inflorescences'en fascicules, racèmes fasciculiformes, parfois 1-flores.'Fleurs'☿; calice à 5 segments ± dilatés à la base; corolle à 5 pétales libres, onguiculés, munis à la base, en dedans, d'un appendice squamiforme, en général plus longs que le calice; étamines 10, obdiplostémones, en 2 verticilles; filets ± connés à la base; anthères basifixes, à déhiscence longitudinale; ovaire 2-3-loculaire, à 1 ovule penduleux par loge; styles ± longuement soudés.'Fruits'drupacés, peu charnus, à 1 graine.'Graines sans albumen ou à albumen ± réduit.\n\t\t\tFamille comprenant 2 genres et ± 200 espèces; au Congo belge, 2 genres et 3 espèces.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • E http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Erythroxylaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).