Eucommiaceae Engl.
  • Syllabus (ed. 5) 139. 1907. (Jul 1907)
  • Hardy rubber-tree Family

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Eucommiaceae Engl. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 02 Dec 2021'

General Information

Trees, deciduous, dioecious; . Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent; petiole present; blade margins serrate; venation pinnate. Inflorescences unisexual, axillary, fascicles, (staminate) or flowers solitary (pistillate. Flowers unisexual; hypanthium absent; sepals 0; petals 0; nectary absent; stamens 5–12, distinct; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, 2-carpellate; ovary superior, 1-locular; placentation apical; ovules 2 per locule, anatropous; style 0; stigmas 2. Fruits samaras. Seeds 1 per fruit.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees deciduous, dioecious. Sapwood and bark containing latex. Buds ovoid; scales deciduous. Leaves alternate, spirally arranged, exstipulate, petiolate; leaf blade simple, usually elliptic, sometimes somewhat ovate, obovate, or oblong, containing latex (forming strands if blade is transversely broken and pulled apart), pinnately veined, base rounded or cuneate-rounded, margin densely serrate with gland-tipped teeth, apex abruptly narrowed into an acuminate tip. Flowers axillary, borne near base of current year’s branchlets, very shortly pedicellate, without perianth, wind pollinated. Male flowers clustered; stamens 5–12, linear; filaments very short; anthers basifixed, 4-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connective slightly prolonged. Female flowers solitary: ovary stipitate, composed of 2 connate carpels, 1-locular, elongate, compressed, glabrous, apex 2-lobed; stigmas 2, decurrent, reflexed-spreading; ovules 2, collateral, anatropous, 1 aborting. Fruit an indehiscent samara, long elliptic to narrowly oblong, compressed, winged around margin; wing gradually narrowed at base into stipe, shortly 2-lobed at apex with sinus stigmatic; pericarp thinly leathery. Seed 1, linear, compressed, rounded at both ends; testa membranous; endosperm copious; embryo erect, large; cotyledons compressed, fleshy.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 1
    • ]. 


    SELECTED REFERENCES Call, V. B. and D. L. Dilcher. 1997. The fossil record of Eucommia (Eucommiaceae) in North America. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 798–814. Vincent, M. A. 2002. Eucommia ulmoides (Hardy rubber-tree, Eucommiaceae) as an escape in North America. Michigan Bot. 41: 141–145. Zhang, Y. L., Wang F. H., and Chien N. F. 1988. A study on pollen morphology of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 26: 367–370.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Genus

    Other Local Names

    Hardy rubber-tree Family

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).