Flacourtiaceae Rich. ex DC.
  • Prodr. 1: 255. 1824. (Jan 1824)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Flacourtiaceae Rich. ex DC. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000233. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, hermaphroditic, monoecious, dioecious, or polygamous, evergreen or deciduous; trunk, branches, and branchlets sometimes spiny; hairs simple, rarely T-shaped or stellate. Leaves simple, usually alternate, rarely opposite or verticillate, sometimes crowded at apices of branches; stipules usually small and caducous, sometimes larger, leaflike and persistent, rarely absent; petiole generally present, sometimes with apex 2-glandular and/or with additional glands along petiole length; leaf blade usually pinnate-veined, sometimes 3-5-veined from base or palmate-veined, with or without pellucid dots or lines, sometimes with a pair of glands at junction of blade and petiole, margin entire or toothed, teeth glandular or not. Inflorescences axillary, terminal, or cauliflorous, of various forms: racemose, spicate, cymose, corymbose, or paniculate, sometimes flowers fasciculate, or solitary; pedicels often articulate; bracts and bracteoles usually small to minute. Flowers radially symmetric, bisexual or unisexual, hypogynous, perigynous, or epigynous; perianth cyclic, rarely spiral, in unisexual flowers remnants of opposite sex present or absent. Sepals imbricate or valvate, rarely spathaceous, mostly (2 or)3-6, rarely more, usually free or connate at base only, sometimes partly united into a tube, caducous or persistent, rarely accrescent. Petals 3-8, rarely more, often isomerous and alternating with sepals, free, imbricate or valvate, rarely contorted, similar to sepals or not, sometimes with a fleshy adaxial basal scale, or petals absent. Disk present, entire, lobed, or comprised of free or connate disk glands, these extrastaminal, interstaminal, or intrastaminal (bisexual or staminate flowers), or extragynoecial (pistillate flowers), or disk absent. Stamens 1 to many (ca. 100), 1- or many seriate, sometimes in epipetalous bundles, or on margin of cupular disk or rim of calyx tube; filaments free, rarely united into a column; anthers 2-thecate, usually longitudinally dehiscent, rarely opening by terminal pores, connective sometimes shortly projected or glandular. Ovary superior or semi-inferior, 1-loculed, with 2-9 parietal placentas, rarely incompletely 2-9(or more)-celled by placentas protruding deeply into locule; ovules 2 or more on each placenta, orthotropous, anatropous, or hemi-anatropous; styles isomerous with placentas, free or partly to completely united, rarely absent, stigmas small or large, capitate to flattened and branched. Fruit capsular or baccate, rarely a drupe, pericarp mostly smooth, sometimes winged or bristly. Seeds 1 to many, with or without a fleshy sometimes brightly colored sarcotesta and/or aril, sometimes with long hairs, or broadly winged; endosperm usually copious and fleshy; embryo straight or curved; cotyledons usually broad, often cordate.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Ovary 1-celled, with one or more parietal placentas, or rarely the placentas meeting in the middle; ovules 2 or more on each placenta; styles or stigmas as many as the placentas

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Stamens numerous, rarely few, hypogynous, free; anthers 2-celled, often short, opening lengthwise by slits

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Petals sometimes not arranged regularly in relation to the sepals, large, small or absent, with or without an opposite scale inside the base, imbricate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Sepals sometimes not distinguishable from the petals, imbricate or open in bud

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    Seeds with fleshy endosperm and medium-sized embryo; cotyledons often broad

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit indehiscent, mostly a berry or drupe, very rarely a capsule, sometimes large

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves simple, alternate; stipules often soon falling off

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, often dioecious or polygamous, variously arranged

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Leaves spirally arranged, or often distichous, simple, entire, crenate or serrate (crenations mostly glandular), sometimes with pellucid dots and/or lines; lateral nerves pinnate or rarely several from the base; petioles often thickened at the base and (or) the apex; stipules generally present, rarely large and persistent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds sometimes arillate, with abundant endosperm; embryo straight; cotyledons mostly broad, foliaceous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a fleshy or dry berry or a capsule, rarely a drupe, 1-many-seeded

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary usually free, rarely semi-inferior, unilocular, with (2–)3–5(–8) parietal placentas; ovules generally numerous, anatropous; styles 1–10, free or connate; stigma sessile

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 5 to numerous, hypogynous, mostly free, or sometimes connate at the base with the staminodes; anthers with 2 thecae, these longitudinally dehiscent, or very rarely opening by apical pores or very short slits

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Receptacle often depressed in the centre, often with appendages such as an extrastaminal disk or disk-lobes, free glands between the stamens, or staminode-like scales inserted on the inner side of the base of the petals, or with true, mostly barbate staminodes which alternate with the stamens

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 3–8 (rarely more), free, imbricate or valvate, mostly alternating with the sepals and caducous, sometimes persistent and accrescent, often inserted on the margin of a hypogynous or almost perigynous disk, or absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals (2–)3–7 (rarely more), mostly persistent, sometimes accrescent, imbricate or valvate, free or connate at the base into a calyx-tube

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Pedicels often articulated near the base

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences subterminal or mostly axillary, rarely on the trunk or very rarely on the midrib of the leaves; flowers solitary, or mostly in fascicles, racemes or panicles, apparently essentially cymose, bisexual or unisexual (polygamous, monoecious, or dioecious), regular, 3-poly-merous, spiral or cyclic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Trees or shrubs, sometimes with spines on trunk and branches

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Ovary superior or more rarely semi-inferior, 1-locular with 2–8 parietal placentas or incompletely 2–8-locular; ovules 2 — ?, anatropous; styles 1–10, free or connate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a more or less fleshy berry or a capsule

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    Seeds sometimes arillate, with copious endosperm; embryo straight; cotyledons usually broad, foliaceous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Petals 3–12 or rarely more, sometimes accrescent, free, valvate or imbricate, often inserted on the margin of a hypogynous or perigynous disk, or absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals 3–6 or more, often persistent, sometimes accrescent, valvate or imbricate, free or connate below into a calyx-tube (or receptacle ?)

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    Stamens 5–?, free or rarely connate into a cylinder, sometimes alternating with staminodes; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally, or rarely by terminal pores, connective sometimes appendaged

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Disk extrastaminal or with free glands between the stamens or of staminode-like scales inserted at the base of the petals (or of threads or corona-like outside our area), often adnate to the receptacle or developed as appendages to the receptacle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stipules caducous or persistent, small or large and foliaceous or wanting

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Flowers bisexual or unisexual, monoecious or dioecious, occasionally polygamous, actinomorphic, sepals and petals dissimilar or more rarely spirally arranged and ± undifferentiated; pedicels often articulated

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Inflorescences subterminal or more usually axillary, of racemes, panicles or cymes or reduced to fascicles or glomerules, or flowers solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves petiolate, alternate, simple, entire, crenate or serrate, crenations often glandular

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Arbres'ou arbustes, épineux ou inermes, parfois dioïques.'Feuilles'simples, alternes, très rarement opposées ou verticillées, distiques ou spiralées, pétiolées ou subsessiles, penninerves, parfois palminerves à la base, parfois à ponctuations translucides, souvent à glandes sur le bord du limbe; stipules ordinairement présentes.'Inflorescences'axillaires, terminales ou caulinaires, parfois épiphylles, en panicules, racèmes, cymes, fascicules ou fleurs solitaires.'Fleurs'☿ polygames ou ♂♀, actinomorphes; pédicelle parfois articulé; sépales 2-15, cycliques ou spiralés, parfois non ou à peine différenciés des pétales (= tépales), parfois accrescents; pétales 0-15, parfois munis d'une écaille à la base de leur face interne, parfois accrescents; réceptacle parfois entouré d'un anneau de glandes ou muni de glandes éparses; étamines 5-∞, libres, parfois en fascicules oppositipétales; anthères à 2 thèques s'ouvrant généralement par fentes longitudinales, rarement à déhiscence poricide; couronne extrastaminale ou staminodes parfois présents; ovaire supère ou semi-infère, rarement infère, 1-loculaire ou apparemment pluriloculaire par accroissement centripète des placentas; placentas pariétaux, 2-∞; ovules 2-∞ par placenta; styles en même nombre que les placentas, libres ou ± soudés.'Fruits'drupacés ou bacciformes, ou capsules aiguillonnées ou inermes, parfois tardivement déhiscentes, parfois ailées.'Graines à endosperme charnu, souvent arillées.\n\t\t\tFamille principalement tropicale comprenant 86 genres et environ 1300 espèces; pour la Flore, 25 genres et une soixantaine d'espèces.\n\t\t\tCertaines espèces ont des propriétés médicinales, notamment'Hydnocarpus anthelmintica Pierre cultivé jadis au Congo pour la production d'huile de chaulmoogra utilisée dans la lutte contre la lèpre.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).