Icacinaceae Miers
  • Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2 8: 174. 1851. (Sep 1851)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Icacinaceae Miers. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000298. Accessed on: 03 Jul 2020'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or lianas, occasionally with tendrils. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, estipulate, veins mostly pinnate, sometimes palmate, margin usually entire, rarely lobed or denticulate. Inflorescences spikes, racemes, panicles, or cymes, axillary or terminal, rarely opposite leaves, with small bracts or not. Flowers regular, bisexual, sometimes polygamous or unisexual, (3 or)4- or 5(or 6)-merous. Calyx generally articulate to pedicel, usually persistent, small; lobes imbricate, rarely valvate. Petals present, rarely absent, free or connate at base, imbricate, rarely valvate, apices mostly inflexed or incurved. Stamens as many as petals; filaments free or on corolla tube, alternate with corolla lobes, often pilose at apex; anthers 2-celled, introrse. Disk rarely developed, cupular or divided. Ovary superior, 2-carpellate, coherent, 1-loculed, rarely 3-5-loculed; ovules 2, rarely 1 per locule, pendulous from apex, anatropous with abaxial raphe and micropyle facing upward; funicle usually thickened above micropyle; style rarely developed, simple; stigmas 2(or 3-5), or coherent to capitate or peltate. Fruit 1-loculed, 1-seeded, rarely 2-seeded, usually a drupe, rarely samaroid. Seeds pendulous, with a thin testa; endosperm usually present, embryo small, straight or curved; cotyledons usually ovate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Calyx small, 3–5-lobed; lobes imbricate or valvate, rarely enlarging and enveloping the fruit

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, actinomorphic

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Stamens the same number as the petals and alternate with them; anthers 2-celled; filaments often hairy, free

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Petals 3–5, free or united, valvate, rarely absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Trees, shrubs or rarely climbers

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Ovary superior, 1-celled, 1-seeded

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Disk rarely present

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Seeds mostly with endosperm; embryo usually small, more or less straight

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Style simple or stigma sessile

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seed usually with copious endosperm; embryo usually small, ± straight

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Fruit drupaceous, 1-seeded

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, penninerved or rarely palmatinerved; stipules absent (in our area)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, or lianes

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Calyx small or absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals usually valvate, free or ± united, or united into a long tube

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Inflorescences axillary, supraxillary or terminal

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers bisexual or unisexual by abortion, (4) 5-merous, actinomorphic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stamens free or adnate to the petals; anthers 2-thecous, opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Ovary superior, 1-locular (in our area); ovules pendulous from near the apex, usually 2

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees, shrubs or climbers

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes opposite, coriaceous, glabrous to densely pilose, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Stamens equal in number to and alternate with petals; anthers dithecous (rarely 4-lobed), with longitudinal dehiscence; filaments often tomentose, free or adnate to petals (e.g. in Leptaulus)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Disk rarely present

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Ovary unilocular, rarely 3–5-locular (locules lost by suppression or compression), superior; ovules usually 2, pendulous, anatropous; style simple and straight or absent; stigmas (rarely 2–)3–5-lobed, often small

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Fruit a drupe, unilocular, 1-seeded; endocarp woody

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence terminal, axillary or supraxillary; flowers bisexual (hermaphrodite), sometimes unisexual by abortion, regular, usually paniculate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Petals 4–5, free or united, valvate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx small, 4–5-lobed, usually imbricate, rarely valvate, sometimes absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Icacinaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).