Meliaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 263. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Meliaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000373. Accessed on: 09 Apr 2020'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or sometimes shrublets, monopodial or sympodial, usually dioecious, less often monoecious or polygamo- dioecious. Stipules absent. Leaves in spirals, very rarely opposite, usually pinnate; leaflets opposite, subopposite, or alternate; leaflet blades with base somewhat oblique, margin usually entire or rarely lobed or serrate. Flowers usually in axillary thyrses, rarely racemose or spicate. Calyx small, 3-6-lobed or with distinct sepals, usually cup-shaped or tubular, imbricate or valvate in bud. Corolla contorted or imbricate, sometimes quincuncial. Petals (3 or)4 or 5(or 6), rarely more, distinct or connate, sometimes adnate to staminal tube and then valvate. Stamens 3-10 or more, hypogynous, mostly with a staminal tube (distinct stamens in Cedrela and Toona); anthers usually sessile on stamen tube, erect, included or exserted, 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing. Disk tubular, annular, obsolete, or absent, free or adnate to ovary. Ovary usually free, 2-5(or more)-locular, with 1 to many collateral or superposed ovules per locule; style single or rarely absent; stigma disciform or capitate. Fruit a berry (dry but indehiscent with arillate seeds in some Aglaia sect. Aglaia), capsule, or rarely a drupe. Seeds winged or with a fleshy aril or sarcotesta wholly or partly covering seed; endosperm fleshy or usually absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Trees or shrubs, mostly with hard scented wood, very rarely subherbaceous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves alternate, mostly pinnate; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Calyx often small, imbricate, rarely valvate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers actinomorphic, mostly hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Stamens mostly 8 or 10, rarely numerous, mostly with connate filaments, and the anthers often sessile in the tube; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise; disk various

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Petals free or partially connate, contorted or imbricate, or adnate to the staminal tube and valvate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Fruit baccate, capsular or rarely a drupe, often with a large central axis

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Ovary superior, often 3–5-celled, stigma often disci-form or capitate; ovules mostly 2, rarely 1 or more

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Seeds with or without endosperm, sometimes winged

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Leaves usually alternate, 2- or 3-pinnate, simply impari- or pari-pinnate, 3-foliolate, 1-foliolate or simple; leaflets entire, crenate or serrate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stipules absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Wood often scented

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Indumentum of simple, glandular or stellate hairs

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees, shrubs or shrublets

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals usually 4–5, free, valvate, imbricate or contorted

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Sepals small, 4–6, variously connate or almost free, the lobes imbricate or with open aestivation, never completely covering corolla in bud

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers bisexual or unisexual, monoecious or dioecious, occasionally polygamous, actinomorphic, mostly 5-merous; sepals and petals dissimilar

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Inflorescence usually axillary or in axils of fallen leaves, of cymose panicles or compound or simple cymes or flowers fasciculate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Disk intrastaminal, very variable, often developed from the gynophore, completely fused to base of staminal tube, or annular, cup-shaped or cushion-shaped and free from staminal tube and ovary or cushion-shaped and enveloping the base of the ovary

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Stamens (5) 8–10 (20), rarely completely free, usually partly or completely fused to form a staminal tube, usually bearing appendages; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally, connective usually apiculate beyond anther-lobes

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Ovary superior, (2) 4–5 (20)-locular, with axile placentation; ovules 1-? per loculus; style 1; style-head expanded, capitate, globose, ovoid, cylindric, discoid or coroniform, entire or shallowly lobed, only partly stigmatic, sometimes (Turraea) functioning as a receptaculum pollinis

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Fruit a loculicidal or septifragal capsule or a drupe

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Seeds usually arillate, winged or with a corky outer integument; endosperm present or absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Fruit usually a loculicidal or septifragal capsule or a drupe, rarely a leathery cleistocarp or a berry

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Ovary superior, (2–)4–5(–20)-locular, with axile placentation; ovules 1–many per locule; style 1; style-head expanded, capitate, globose, ovoid, cylindric, discoid or coroniform, entire or shallowly lobed, only partly stigmatic, sometimes (>i>Turraea) functioning as a ‘receptaculum pollinis’

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually arillate, winged or with a corky or woody outer covering; endosperm present or absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens (5–)8–10(–20), rarely completely free, usually partly or completely fused to form a staminal tube, usually bearing appendages; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally, connective usually apiculate beyond anther-lobes

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Disk intrastaminal, very variable, rarely absent, often developed from the gynophore, completely fused to base of staminal tube, or annular, cup-shaped or cushion-shaped and free from staminal tube and ovary or cushion-shaped and enveloping the base of the ovary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals usually 4–5, free (adnate to the staminal tube in Turraeanthus), valvate, imbricate or contorted

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sepals small, 4–6, variously connate or almost free, the lobes imbricate or with open aestivation, never completely covering corolla in bud

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers bisexual or unisexual, monoecious or dioecious, occasionally polygamous, actinomorphic, mainly 4–5-merous; sepals and petals dissimilar

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence usually axillary or in axils of fallen leaves, of cymose panicles or of compound or simple cymes or flowers fasciculate, rarely solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stipules absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually alternate, 2- or 3-pinnate, simply impari- or paripinnate, 3-foliolate, 1-foliolate or simple; leaflets entire, crenate or serrate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Indumentum of simple, glandular or stellate hairs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Wood often scented

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs or shrublets

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Meliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).