Melianthaceae Horan.
  • Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat. 100. 1834. (2 Nov 1834)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Melianthaceae Horan. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000374. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

Morphology

hrubs or small trees

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    Leaves alternate, pinnate, stipulate; stipules intrapetiolar, often large

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    Calyx of 5 unequal segments, imbricate

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    Flowers hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual, racemose, zygomorphic

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    Seeds with copious endosperm and straight embryo

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    Fruit a papery or woody capsule, loculicidally 4–5-valved or opening only at the apex

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    Disk unilateral or annular, lining the inside of the calyx

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    Petals 5, free, subperigynous, clawed, unequal

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    Ovary 4–5-celled, superior; style central, dentate or truncate; ovules 1–4 in each cell, axile

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    Stamens 4–6, inserted within the disk, free or variously connate, often declinate; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Ovules axile, 1–4 per loculus

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    Style simple; stigma small or capitate

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    Ovary superior, 4–5–locular

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    Petals 5, free, unequal, clawed

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    Calyx-segments 4–5, somewhat unequal, imbricate

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    Stamens 4–6, free or somewhat connate

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    Disc pentagonal-annular or variously unilateral

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    Shrubs or trees

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    Flowers hermaphrodite or often functionally unisexual, more or less irregular, in conspicuous racemes

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate, pinnate; stipules present and often large

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    Fruit a papery or woody capsule

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    Seeds large with copious endosperm

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    Indumentum of simple hairs

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    Leaves alternate, imparipinnate or 3-foliolate

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    Stipules present, usually large, either in pairs at the base of the petiole or fused and intrapetiolar (Bersama)

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    Inflorescence of conspicuous terminal or axillary racemes

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    Flowers bisexual in appearance but often unisexual and then apparently dioecious or polygamous, slightly to markedly zygomorphic, usually 4–5-merous; sepals and petals dissimilar

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    Sepals 4–5, shorter or longer than the petals, united at the base, with lobes imbricate

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    Petals 4–5, free, imbricate, unequal, unguiculate

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    Trees or shrubs

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    Disk extrastaminal, annular-pentagonal or variously unilateral

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    Stamens 4–5(8), free or connate at the base; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing longitudinally

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    Ovary superior, 4–5-locular, with basal or axile placentation; ovules 1–4 per loculus; style 1, stigma capitate

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    Fruit a papery or woody loculicidal capsule

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    Seeds large, with copious endosperm; aril present or absent

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    Arbres'ou arbustes.'Feuilles'alternes, composées, imparipennées; stipules intrapétiolaires; folioles opposées ou subopposées.'Inflorescences'en racèmes terminaux ou axillaires; bractées présentes.'Fleurs'☿ ou ♂♀, zygomorphes, 4-cycliques; sépales (4)5, libres ou un peu soudés à la base, les 2 antérieurs soudés ± longuement, imbriqués; pétales 4-5, libres, onguiculés, légèrement inégaux; disque extrastaminal; étamines (4)5(6); filets libres ou soudés; anthères ovales ou oblongues, basifixes, à déhiscence longitudinale; ovaire supère, à 4-5 loges; style simple; stigmate lobé; ovules 1-10 par loge.'Capsules'ligneuses ou papyracées, loculicides en 4-5 valves ou seulement déhiscentes au sommet.'Graines albuminées, arillées à la base; embryon érigé.\n\t\t\tFamille des régions tropicales et subtropicales africaines, comprenant 2 genres et ± 65 espèces; au Congo belge, 1 genre et 8 espèces.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Melianthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).