Muntingiaceae C.Bayer, M.W.Chase & M.F.Fay
  • Taxon 47(1): 38. 1998. (13 Feb 1998)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Muntingiaceae C.Bayer, M.W.Chase & M.F.Fay. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000397. Accessed on: 28 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, to 12 m. Leaves alternate (distichous), petiolate, stipitate; stipules subulate or filiform [absent or peltate discs]; blade palmately veined, seldom lobed, base often asymmetric, margins serrate, surfaces hairy, hairs usually mixed: unicellular and multicellular, simple with some setiform and some glandular, branched, and stellate, often ± tangled, forming tomentum. Inflorescences: flowers solitary or in clusters of 2–3+, usually supra-axillary; involucel absent [bracteoles ca. 15, filiform]. Flowers: sepals caducous [persistent], (4–)5(–7), valvate, basally distinct or weakly connate; petals caducous, (4–)5(–7), distinct; nectaries absent; stamens 10–75+, filaments distinct or bases connate; ovary superior [inferior], 5–7-carpellate; style 1 [0]; stigmas 5–7, ± decurrent. Fruits baccate, ± spheric. Seeds [25–]100–200+.

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    Morphology

    Stamens numerous with filiform filaments, free or nearly so; anthers of 2 thecae, sometimes versatile, fixed at or near the base of the connective, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, sometimes only apically

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    Ovary superior to inferior, syncarpous, 5–many locular but sometimes unilocular at apex; placentae (where known) lobed, pendulous with numerous anatropous ovules; style thick, or sometimes ± lacking; stigma thick, lobed-sulcate

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    • 1
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    Fruit a berry with numerous small seeds

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    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, distichous, petiolate, cordate at the base, palmately nerved, serrate; stipules (where known) filiform or leafy and peltate

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    • 1
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    Inflorescences supra-axillary with 1–few pedicellate usually hermaphrodite flowers in clusters

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    • 1
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    Sepals (4–)5(–7), valvate, with ± spreading tips, joined at base to form a saucer-shaped or cupular tube

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    • 1
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    Petals (4–)5(–7), free, imbricate and ± crumpled in bud, often exceeding the calyx, thin, falling

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    • 1
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    Trees or shrubs with indumentum of stellate, long unbranched and glandular hairs

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    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Bayer, C., M. W. Chase, and M. F. Fay. 1998. Muntingiaceae, a new family of dicotyledons with malvalean affinities. Taxon 47: 37–42.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Muntingiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).