Myrothamnaceae Nied.
  • Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2a): 103. 1891. (9 Mar 1891)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Myrothamnaceae Nied. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000403. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

Morphology

Flowers sessile in terminal, erect, catkin-like inflorescences; perianth absent; bracts present; bracteoles present or absent

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    Leaves decussate; leaf-lamina digitately nerved, plicate, articulate with the petiole; stipules paired, connate with the petiole, persistent

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    Seeds numerous, small, pendulous; endosperm fleshy, copious; embryo minute

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    Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by the adaxial sutures of the free apices of the carpels

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    Female flowers: gynoecium of (2)3 or 4 carpels, (2)3- or 4-lobed and (2)3- or 4-locular; carpels ± free above, tapering into ± recurved styles; stigmas ± spathulate, oblong, papillose, lateral, facing inwards; ovules numerous, anatropous, axillary, 2-seriate; no staminodes present

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    Male flowers: stamens 4 with filaments almost free or (3)4–5(?8) with filaments connate at the base into a central column, anthers basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, their connective prolonged into a beak; pollen in tetrads; no rudimentary ovary present

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    Dioecious, wholly glabrous, balsamic-resinous shrubs; branches opposite

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    Seeds numerous, small, pendulous; endosperm copious; embryo minute

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Branches opposite

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    Fruit capsular, dehiscing by adaxial sutures of the carpels

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Balsamic-resinous shrubs, glabrous, dioecious

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers sessile, perianth absent; ? flowers: stamens either 4 with filaments almost free, or (3–)4–6(?–8) and filaments connate at base into a central column; anthers basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connective prolonged into a beak; pollen in tetrads; ovary absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    ? flowers: staminodes absent; carpels (2)3 or 4, (2–)3–4-lobed and (2–)3–4-locular, ± free above and tapering to±recurved styles; stigmas subspathulate, oblong, facing inwards; ovules numerous, anatropous, axillary, 2-seriate

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    Leaves cuneate-flabelliform, decussate, digitately nerved, plicate, articulate with the petiole; stipules paired, connate with the petiole, persistent

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    Inflorescences terminal erect racemes; bracts present; bracteoles present or absent

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    Arbrisseaux ou sous-arbrisseaux dioïques, ligneux, prostrés ou ± dressés et atteignant 2 m de haut, glabres, à odeur aromatique; rameaux opposés, à extrémités fines et quadrangulaires.'Feuilles'opposées, à stipules sétacées; limbe plissé en éventail à l'état sec, oblong à cunéiforme, crénelé à denté dans la partie supérieure, à cellules sécrétrices.'Inflorescences'en épis terminaux allongés.'Fleurs'opposées, sans calice ni corolle.'Fleurs'♂ : étamines 4 et libres ou 3-8 à filets partiellement réunis en une colonne centrale; filets filiformes; anthères basifixes, courtes et larges, à déhiscence longitudinale, à section en forme de x; connectif prolongé en une pointe surmontant l'anthère de 1/3; pollen en tétrade, à cuticule lisse.'Fleurs'♀ à 3-4 carpelles, soudés entre eux par l'angle interne, ovoïdes, recourbés vers l'extérieur; stigmate grand, oblong, spatulé, fortement papilleux; ovules nombreux, disposés sur 2 rangs, anatropes, à raphé ventral, placentation axillaire.'Fruits': capsules.'Graines à embryon très petit et albumen abondant.\n\t\t\tFamille comprenant 1 genre et 2 espèces, d'Afrique et de Madagascar; pour la Flore, 1 genre et 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Included Genus

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Myrothamnaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).