Pandaceae Engl. & Gilg
  • Syllabus (ed. 7) 223. 1912-1913. (Oct 1913-Mar 1913)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pandaceae Engl. & Gilg. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000438. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, dioecious. Axillary buds prominent. Stipules small. Leaves alternate, distichous, petiolate, simple, penninerved, margin serrulate or entire. Flowers unisexual, solitary or fascicled, or in axillary cymes, or terminal or cauliflorous racemelike thyrses. Sepals 5, imbricate, or open. Petals 5, imbricate or valvate. Disk small or absent, rarely larger. Stamens 5-15, 1- or 2-seriate, sometimes unequal, outer stamens alternating with petals, inner ones sometimes absent or reduced to staminodes; filaments free; anthers introrse, thecae longitudinally dehiscent, connective elevated. Ovary superior, 2-5-loculed; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, apical, pendent, orthotropal or anatropal, without obturator; styles 2-5(-10)-lobed. Fruit a drupe, sometimes flattened, more rarely a capsule; endocarp slightly bony or pitted or ridged, sometimes dehiscent by valves. Seeds usually flattened concave, more rarely ovoid, caruncle absent; endosperm present; cotyledons broad and flattened. 2n = 30.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Female flowers arranged like the male

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Stamens 10, alternately long and short; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Rudimentary ovary linear-subulate

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    Calyx cupular, open in bud

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    Petals 5, valvate

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    Flowers dioecious

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    Male flowers racemose, the racemes fasciculate from the old wood

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    Trees

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    Leaves alternate, simple, serrulate; stipules present

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    Ovary subsessile, 3–4-celled; stigmas 3–4, reflexed; ovule solitary, pendulous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit drupaceous

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    Seeds with copious oily endosperm; cotyledons cordate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Calyx cupular, truncate or toothed

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Petals 5 [imbricate?]; staminodes absent

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    Dioecious trees or shrubs

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    Leaves alternate, distichous, simple, entire, crenate or serrate, penninerved, stipulate, borne horizontally on shoots which subtend ‘axillary buds’ and thus resemble pinnate leaves; stipules usually persistent, the adaxial one arising below the abaxial

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    Cotyledons broad, sometimes cordate

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    Disc small, rarely large, or absent

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    Petals 5, contorted, imbricate or valvate, flattened or galeate-cucullate

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    Calyx cupular, truncate or 5-lobed, the lobes imbricate or open

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers small, regular, unisexual, in axillary or supraaxillary fascicles, abbreviated racemes or cymes, or in terminal or cauliflorous racemiform thyrses

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    Seeds usually flattened-concave, more rarely ovoid, ecarunculate, with endosperm

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    Fruit a drupe, sometimes flattened, more rarely a capsule; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp woody, bony or stony, thin to thick and massive, usually tubercled, muricate, pitted or ridged, sometimes dehiscent by valves

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    Ovary superior, 2–5-locular, with 1 (–2) apical pendulous orthotropous or anatropous ovules per locule, without obturator; styles 1–5, simple or bipartite

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    Stamens 5, 10 or 15, uniseriate or biseriate, sometimes unequal; anthers introrse, 2-thecous, opening lengthwise; staminodes sometimes present in ? flowers; pistillode of ? flowers linear-subulate, cylindric or narrowly conical, sometimes pentagonal at base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Arbres'dioïques.'Feuilles'alternes, simples, à stipules petites et caduques.'Inflorescences'en racèmes caulinaires.'Fleurs'♂ fasciculées; calice cupulaire, petit et à préfloraison ouverte; corolle à 5 pétales valvaires; étamines 10 en 2 verticilles didynames, l'intérieur étant plus court que l'extérieur; disque intrastaminal peu développé; ovaire rudimentaire.'Fleurs'♀ solitaires; calice comme dans les fleurs ♂; corolle à 5 pétales ± imbriqués; staminodes nuls; gynécée à ovaire supère, subsessile, 3-4-loculaire, à 1 ovule orthotrope et pendant par loge; stigmates 2-4, subsessiles.'Fruits'drupacés, à mésocarpe bien développé; endocarpe épais, très dur, fortement alvéolé et lacuneux.'Graines 3-4, aplaties, à albumen oléagineux; embryon à larges cotylédons.\n\t\t\tUn seul genre monospécifique dans les forêts ombrophiles de l'Afrique tropicale occidentale.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Pandaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).