Phyllanthaceae Martinov
  • Tekhno-Bot. Slovar. 369. 1820. (3 Aug 1820)
  • Leafflower Family

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Phyllanthaceae Martinov. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs, shrubs, or trees, perennial or annual, deciduous or evergreen, monoecious or dioecious. Leaves alternate [rarely opposite], simple (pinnately compound in Bischofia); stipules present [rarely absent]; petiole usually present, sometimes absent; blade margins entire or crenate-serrate; venation pinnate. Inflorescences unisexual or bisexual, axillary [rarely supra-axillary or terminal], racemelike or paniclelike [spikelike] thyrses, cymes, fascicles, or glomes, or flowers solitary. Flowers unisexual; perianth hypogynous; hypanthium absent; sepals 4–6, distinct or connate basally to most of length; petals 0 or [4–]5[–6], distinct; nectary present or absent; stamens 2–5[–50], distinct or connate, free; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, [2–]3–10[–15]-carpellate, ovary superior, [2–]3–10[–15]-locular, placentation axile; ovules 2 per locule, anatropous or hemitropous; styles [2–]3–10[–15], distinct or connate, unbranched or 2-fid; stigmas [2–]3–10[–15] (as many as style divisions). Fruits usually capsules, dehiscence septicidal, (usually schizocarpic with cocci separating from persistent columella, coccus usually dehiscent loculicidally), sometimes berries or drupes. Seeds 1–2 per locule.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
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    • ]. 


    SELECTED REFERENCES Hoffmann, P., H. Kathriarachchi, and K. Wurdack. 2006. A phylogenetic classification of Phyllanthaceae (Malpighiales; Euphorbiaceae sensu lato). Kew Bull. 61: 37–53. Kathriarachchi, H. et al. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of Phyllanthaceae inferred from five genes (plastid atpB, matK, 3'ndhF, rbcL, and nuclear PHYC). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 36: 112–134. Levin, G. A. 1986b. Systematic foliar morphology of Phyllanthoideae (Euphorbiaceae). III. Cladistic analysis. Syst. Bot. 11: 515–530. Wurdack, K. et al. 2004. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Phyllanthaceae (Phyllanthoideae pro parte, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato) using plastid rbcL sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 1882–1900.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Leafflower Family

     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).