Pittosporaceae R.Br.
  • Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 542. 1814. (19 Jul 1814)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pittosporaceae R.Br. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000472. Accessed on: 16 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, evergreen, glabrous or pubescent, occasionally spiny. Leaves alternate, occasionally opposite, estipulate; leaf blade mostly leathery, margin entire, rarely dentate or lobed. Inflorescences umbellate, corymbose, paniculate, or a solitary flower, bracteate and bracteolate. Flowers usually bisexual, sometimes polygamous, actinomorphic, rarely zygomorphic, usually 5-merous (except ovary). Sepals usually free or slightly connate. Petals free or connate, white, yellow, blue, or red. Stamens opposite sepals; filament filiform; anther basifixed or dorsifixed, 2-loculed, dehiscing longitudinally or by pores. Ovary superior, of 2 or 3(–5) carpels, usually 1-loculed or incompletely 2–5-loculed; ovules numerous, anatropous; placentation parietal, axile, or basilar. Style short, simple or 2–5-lobed, persistent or deciduous. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by adaxial suture, or a berry. Seeds numerous; testa thin; endosperm well developed; embryo small.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Trees or shrubs

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    Seeds with hard endosperm and minute embryo

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    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with the placentas in the middle of the valves, or indehiscent

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    Ovary 1-celled with parietal placentas or 2–5-celled and the placentas meeting in the middle, superior, sessile or shortly stipitate; style simple, terminal; ovules numerous

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    Stamens 5, hypogynous, free, alternate with the petals; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Petals 5, longer than the sepals, imbricate, free or united at the base

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    Sepals 5, imbricate, free or nearly so

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    Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite

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    Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent

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    Fruit a berry or a capsule with generally entire valves

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    Seeds without an aril but often covered by a viscid resin, rarely dry and winged; testa thin and smooth; endosperm copious and horny; embryo minute

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    Leaves alternate, often crowded at the ends of the branches, simple, entire, dentate or lobed, ± leathery

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    Sepals 5, free and imbricate at least in bud, or somewhat connate

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    Evergreen trees, shrubs or climbers with resin-ducts in the bark, rarely spiny

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    Petals 5, imbricate in bud, generally free, rarely with slightly connivent claws

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    Flowers few to many in terminal and/or axillary panicles or cymes, sometimes in clusters on the old wood or solitary in the axils, regular or rarely slightly irregular, hypogynous, bisexual or functionally (rarely morphologically) unisexual

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    Stipules absent

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    Stamens 5, alternate with petals, free or with somewhat connivent filaments; anthers dithecous, introrse, opening by slits or pores

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    Ovary superior, sessile or shortly stipitate, paracarpous, with 2–5 carpels and parietal placentas, usually unilocular but sometimes 2–5-locular by central contact of placentas; style simple with capitate or somewhat lobed stigma

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    Fruit a berry or a capsule with entire, rarely split valves

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    Seeds without an aril but often covered by a viscid resin, rarely dry and winged, with a smooth testa, a hard endosperm and a very minute embryo

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    Ovary sessile or shortly stipitate, paracarpous, with 2–5 carpels and parietal placentas, usually 1-locular, or, less often, 2–5-locular by central contact of the placentas; style simple, stigma capitate or somewhat lobed; ovules 2-several in 2 rows, anatropous, horizontal, with one integument

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    Petals 5, free or with claws slightly connivent, usually with spreading or revolute blades, imbricate in bud

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    Stamens 5, free, with 2-thecous introrse anthers opening by slits, rarely by apical pores

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers actinomorphic or somewhat irregular, hypogynous, bisexual or functionally (rarely morphologically) unisexual

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    Sepals 5, free or ± connate, sometimes imbricate

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    Leaves alternate, often crowded at the ends of the branches, simple, evergreen and ± leathery, entire or rarely dentate or lobed, without stipules

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    Inflorescences cymose or paniculate, terminal and/or axillary, rarely flowers in clusters on the old wood or solitary, terminal and/or axillary

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    Woody plants, trees, shrubs or climbers with resin-ducts in the bark, rarely spiny

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    Arbres , arbustes ou suffrutex souvent lianeux, munis parfois de rameaux épineux; canaux résinifères schizogènes.'Feuilles'alternes, entières, rarement dentées ou lobées, ordinairement coriaces; stipules nulles.'Inflorescences'en panicules très ramifiées, en corymbes courts ombelliformes ou fleurs solitaires terminales ou axillaires.'Fleurs'☿ actinomorphes, 5-mères sauf l'ovaire, accompagnées de 2 préfeuilles; sépales ordinairement libres, imbriqués, caducs; pétales généralement ± soudés en tube à la base, imbriqués, ordinairement réfléchis, caducs, diversement colorés; étamines épisépales, hypogynes, dressées; ovaire supère, sessile ou courtement stipité, 2 (3-5)-carpellaire, généralement uniloculaire, parfois pluriloculaire; placentas pariétaux, rarement axillaires, portant chacun 2 rangées d'ovules; style 1; stigmate capité ou lobé; ovules ordinairement nombreux et horizontaux, anatropes, unitégumentés.'Capsules'à déhiscence loculicide, parfois baies.'Graines ordinairement nombreuses, plongées souvent dans une pulpe collante; tégument mince, lisse; albumen abondant, dur; embryon petit, excen-trique.\n\t\t\tFamille des régions chaudes d'Asie, d'Australie et d'Afrique, com-prenant près de 225 espèces groupées en 9 genres dont un seul africain.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • E http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Pittosporaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).