Plantaginaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 89–90. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Plantaginaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000476. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2020'

General Information

Herbs or small shrubs, rarely arborescent. Stipules absent. Leaves spirally alternate, usually in a basal rosette, rarely opposite or whorled, simple; leaf blade veins (1 or)3-11, arcuate. Inflorescences spikes, rarely racemes or 1-flowered, pedunculate, each flower with 1 bract. Flowers small, protogynous, bisexual, rarely polygamous or unisexual. Calyx usually 4-parted, persistent, segments imbricate. Corolla scarious or membranous, gamopetalous, actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, (3 or)4-lobed; lobes imbricate. Stamens (1 or 2 or)4, inserted on corolla tube, alternate with lobes; anthers free, versatile, with an apical appendage, thecae 2 and parallel. Pistil consisting of 2 carpels; ovary superior, (1 or)2-loculed, axile or rarely basal; style 1, filiform, mostly longitudinally stigmatic. Fruit a pyxis, rarely an indehiscent capsule or nutlet, with 1 to numerous seeds. Seeds minute; cotyledons narrow; endosperm fleshy.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Ovules 1 or more in each cell, axile or basal

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Ovary superior, 1-4-celled; style simple

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    Stamens usually 4, inserted on the corolla-tube and alternate with the lobes or hypogynous; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Corolla gamopetalous, scarious, 3-4-lobed, lobes imbricate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Seeds peltately attached, with fleshy endosperm and straight or curved embryo

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    Fruit a circumscissile capsule or nut

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    Herbs

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Flowers usually hermaphrodite, spicate, actinomorphic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves all radical or alternate or opposite, simple, sometimes much reduced

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    Calyx herbaceous

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    Seeds peltately attached, often sticky when wet; embryo straight, rarely curved, placed in the middle of the fleshy endosperm

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers small, hermaphrodite, or in one small genus unisexual, regular, sessile in the bract-axils, forming axillary spikes or capitate racemes

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    Calyx herbaceous, 4-lobed, the lobes ± free or sometimes the lower pair ± united

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves mostly spirally arranged and all radical, less often cauline, alternate or opposite, simple, often sheathing at the base, sometimes reduced, exstipulate

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    Ovary superior, 1-4-locular; style long, simple, often exserted; ovules l-? in each locule, axile or basal

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a membranous circumscissile capsule or a 1-seeded bony nut

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    Corolla gamopetalous, scarious, 3-4-lobed, the lobes imbricate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens (l-2-)4, inserted in the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes, rarely hypogynous; filaments usually long; anthers versatile, 2-thecous, the thecae opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Animal or perennial, terrestrial or, in one small genus, aquatic herbs

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary superior, 1–4-locular, with 1-many ovules in each locule, axile or basal; style single, long, usually filiform, simple, often exserted

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    Stamens (1–2) 4, inserted in the corolla tube and alternating with the leaves, rarely hypogynous, usually exserted; filaments usually long, filiform; anthers versatile, 2-thecous, the thecae dehiscing longitudinally

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    Seeds peltately attached, often mucilaginous when wet, 1-many; embryo straight, rarely curved, enclosed by the fleshy endosperm

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a capsule, membranous, circumscissile or 1-seeded, hard, indehiscent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Corolla gamopetalous, scarious, 3–4 lobed; tube ampulliform or cylindric, lobes imbricate, equal, spreading

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers small, hermaphrodite or unisexual (not in Flora Zambesiaca area), usually 4-merous, actinomorphic or rarely so, sessile, bracteate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Calyx herbaceous, persistent, 4-lobed, the lobes more or less free or sometimes the lower pair more or less united

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves mostly spirally arranged and all radical, less often cauline and spiral, alternate or opposite, simple, often sheathing at the base, sometimes reduced, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Inflorescence usually a spike, rarely capitate racemes, terminating a scape. Each flower subtended by a bract

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Annual or perennial, terrestrial or aquatic (not in Flora Zambesiaca area) herbs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Included Genus

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plantaginaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).