Resedaceae Martinov
  • Tekhno-Bot. Slovar. 541. 1820. (3 Aug 1820)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Resedaceae Martinov. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000517. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual to perennial, rarely woody. Leaves alternate, entire to pinnatifid, with small, glandular stipules. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, in terminal racemes or spikes. Sepals persistent, 4-7. Petals usually 4-7 or absent, entire or cleft, hypogynous or perigynous. Stamens 3-40, inserted on disc, exposed in bud; disc often eccentric; filaments free or connate at base; anthers 2-loculed. Carpels 2-6, free or united into a 1-loculed ovary; ovules numerous; placentation parietal or basal. Fruit a capsule or berrylike. Seeds numerous, reniform or suborbicular; endosperm almost absent; cotyledons curved.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Herbs [shrubs], annual, biennial, or perennial; usually glabrous, sometimes puberulent (producing glucosinolates). Stems erect or ascending; unbranched or branched. Leaves cauline and sometimes basal; rosulate or not; alternate, sometimes fasciculate, simple; venation pinnate; stipules present (modified into glands, interpetiolar, distinct); petiole present; blade (sometimes pinnately lobed, base somewhat decurrent on petioles) margins entire, pinnatisect, or with 1-2 hyaline teeth. Inflorescences usually terminal, sometimes axillary, racemes or spikes; bracts present. Pedicels present or absent. Flowers bisexual [unisexual or polygamous], ± zygomorphic (almost actinomorphic); perianth and androecium hypogynous [rarely perigynous]; sepals persistent or deciduous, 2-6[-8], distinct or basally connate, equal or unequal, margins usually hyaline; petals [0-]2-6(-8), imbricate, distinct or connate, rotate, attached to receptacle, heteromorphic, lateral and abaxial (anterior) usually progressively smaller, adaxial (superior) ones larger, clawed, margins entire or incised; intrastaminal nectary-discs present or absent, asymmetrical, simple [double]; stamens 3-40 (adaxial ones shorter); filaments persistent or deciduous, distinct or basally connate, glabrous or scaberulous; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits, introrse, tetrasporangiate (pollen shed as single grain), binucleate, commonly 3-aperturate, colpate or colporate; pistils [2-]3-4[-6(-8)], connate [distinct or basally connate] (± open apically), each with an apical tooth (style and stigma) containing stigmatic tissue; ovary [2 or] 3 or 4 [6(-8)]; (placentation parietal [basal-axial or marginal], placenta usually entire, sometimes apically forked; ovules 1-many per locule, campylotropous, bitegmic. Fruits capsules [sometimes free carpidia], valvate [fleshy], cylindric, ovoid-oblong, subglobose, or ovoid, ± open apically; gynophore present (sometimes minute, hidden by surrounding disc). Seeds 3-ca. 30, brownish or dark brown to black, reniform, papillose, rugose, or smooth; not arillate; endosperm scanty or none; cotyledons incumbent.

    • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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      Morphology

      Stamens 3–40, perigynous or on the disk, not covered by the petals in bud; filaments free or united at the base; anthers 2-celled, introrse

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      Ovary of 2–6 free or connate carpels, closed or gaping at the top, each carpel with a separate stigma; ovules numerous on parietal placentas or at the base of the ovary

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      Fruit a gaping capsule or baccate

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      Seeds numerous, kidney- or horse-shoe-shaped; endosperm absent; embryo curved or folded

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      Leaves alternate, simple or pinnately divided; stipules small, gland-like

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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      Annual or perennial herbs with watery juice, rarely woody

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      Galyx persistent, mostly zygomorphic, 4–7-lobed, imbricate

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      Flowers mostly zygomorphic, hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, racemose or spicate

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      Disk present, often dilated on the adaxial side

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      Petals small and inconspicuous or none, valvate, free or slightly coherent, often laciniate, sometimes with a scale at the base

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      Annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs

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      Seeds mostly numerous, reniform or hippocrepi­form, exalbuminous, with a curved embryo

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      Ovules 1–?, inserted on parietal placentas or at the base of the ovary

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      Ovary superior, sessile or stipitate, of 2–6 free or connate carpels

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      Fruit a closed or open capsule, indehiscent, rarely baccate or of as many follicles as carpels

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Petals mostly 4–7, usually unequal, small, deciduous or persistent, free or slightly coherent, laciniate, simple or clawed, often having a membranous appendage at the base of the limb

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      Calyx persistent or deciduous, 4–8-partite

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Stamens 3–40, perigynous or inserted on the disc, often declinate, free or monadelphous at the base, not covered by the petals in bud; anthers 2-celled, introrse

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 2
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      Disc usually present, often dilated on the adaxial side

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      • Source: [
      • 2
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      Leaves scattered or fasciculate, simple to pinnatipartite; stipules small, gland-like

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      • 2
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      Inflorescence terminal, spicate or racemose

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      • 2
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      Flowers hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, usually irregular

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Disk usually present, often dilated on the adaxial side

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 3
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      Petals 4–7, free or slightly coherent, usually unequal, simple or laciniate

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 3
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      Ovary superior, sessile or stipitate, of 2–6 free or connate carpels

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 3
      • ]. 

      Stamens 3–40, perigynous or inserted on the disk, often declinate, free or monadelphous at the base, not covered by the petals in bud; anthers 2-thecous, introrse

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Leaves alternate or fasciculate, simple to pinnatipartite, stipules small

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Calyx persistent or deciduous, 4–8-partite

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Flowers in terminal spikes or racemes, bisexual or rarely unisexual, usually zygomorphic

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Fruit a closed or open capsule, rarely baccate or of as many follicles as carpels

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Ovules 1–?, inserted on parietal placentas or at the base of the ovary

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
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      Seeds mostly numerous, reniform or hippocrepiform, without endosperm and with a curved embryo

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      • Source: [
      • 3
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      Literature

      SELECTED REFERENCES Abdallah, M. S. and H. C. D. de Wit. 1978. The Resedaceae: A taxonomical revision of the family (final installment). Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool 78. Bolle, F. 1936. Resedaceae. In: H. G. A. Engler et al., eds. 1924+. Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. ....., ed. 2. 26+ vols. Leipzig and Berlin. Vol. 17b, pp. 659-693. Carlquist, S. 1998b. Wood anatomy of Resedaceae. Aliso 16: 127-135. Edmonson, J. R. 1993. Resedaceae. In: T. G. Tutin et al., eds. 1993+. Flora Europaea, ed. 2. Cambridge and New York Vol. 1, pp. 417-420. El Naggar, S. M. 2002. Taxonomic significance of pollen morphology in some taxa of Resedaceae. Feddes Repert. 113: 518-527. González Aguilera, J. J. and A. M. Fernández Peralta. 1984. Phylogenetic relationships in the family Resedaceae. Genetica 64: 185-197. Hennig, L. 1929. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Resedaceen—Blüte und Frucht. Planta 9: 507-563. Kubitzky, K. 2003. Resedaceae. In: K. Kubitzky et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 9+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 5, pp. 334-338. Martín-Bravo, S. et al. 2007. Molecular systematics and biogeography of Resedaceae based on ITS and trnL-F sequences. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 44: 1105-1120. Mitra, K. and S. N. Mitra. 1979. Pollen morphology in relation to taxonomy and geography of Resedaceae. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 18: 194-202. Sobick, U. 1983. Blutenentwicklungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen an Resedaceen unter besonderer Berucksichtigung von Androeceum und Gynoeceum. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 104: 203-248. Weberling, F. 1968. Über die Rudimentärstipeln der Resedaceae. Acta Bot. Neerl. 17: 360-372.

    • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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       Information From

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      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
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      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
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      • E
      Resedaceae
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      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
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