Schizaeaceae Kaulf.
  • Wesen Farrenkr. 119. 1827. (Jul-Sep 1827)
  • Curly Grass Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Schizaeaceae Kaulf. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000556. Accessed on: 13 Aug 2022'

General Information

Plants terrestrial or epiphytic. Roots numerous. Stems mainly erect, covered with many stiff hairs 1--3 cells long, with simple siphonostele (hollow vascular cylinder). Leaves tufted, monomorphic or dimorphic. Petioles much longer than blades, blades reduced to tiny apical fistlike or radiating groups of rudimentary fertile pinnae ("digits"). Petioles sometimes repeatedly dichotomous, in some species webbed between branches to form fan-shaped false blades. Sporangia arranged in 1--4 ranks on abaxial surface of digits with revolute margins. Annulus subapical, composed of 1--(2--3) layer(s) of thickened cells. Gametophytes subterranean and not green or borne aboveground and green, tuberlike or flattened, cordate or filamentous. Spores bilateral, monolete.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Plants terrestrial. Fronds simple (linear) or fan-shaped, variously cleft and with dichotomous free veins. Sporangia on marginal, elaminate, branched or unbranched projections at lamina tips, not in discrete sori, exindusiate; spores bilateral, monolete, 128-256 per sporangium; gametophytes green and filamentous (Schizaea), or subterranean and non-green, tuberous (Actinostachys Wallich). Base chromosome numbers: x = 77, 94, 103.

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    Morphology

    Terrestrial ferns with creeping rhizomes clothed with hairs or scales

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Fougères terrestres.\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t Sporophytes': vivaces; rhizome court à long, horizontal à vertical, portant des poils ou des paillettes, solénostélique ou dictyostélique.'Feuilles'simples, dichotomes, palmées ou pennées; nervation libre, généralement dichotome, rarement réticulée; divisions fertiles différant des stériles ou non.'Sporanges gros, obovoïdes à sphériques, non groupés en sores, dorsaux, sessiles à courtement stipités; anneau de déhiscence transversal, subapical, complet, l'ouverture du sporange se faisant par une fente longitudinale.\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t Spores hémisphériques-pyramidales ou bilatérales, au nombre de 32 à 256 par sporange.\n\t\t\tGamétophytes lamellaires ou filamenteux.\n\t\t\tFamille principalement australe et pantropicale, à aire se prolongeant vers le nord jusqu'aux U.S.A. et à Terre-Neuve ( Schizaea pusilla'Pursh) et jusqu'au Japon. Actuellement, 160 espèces en 4 genres, dont seul le genre'Schizaea Sm. n'est pas représenté dans la dition.\n\t\t\tReed a proposé de répartir les quatre genres des'Schizaeaceae dans quatre familles distinctes (Bol. Soc. Broter., ser. 2, 21 : 71-197, 1948).

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Bierhorst, D. W. 1971. Morphology of Vascular Plants. New York. Nauman, C. E. 1987. Schizaeaceae in Florida. Sida 12: 69--74.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Curly Grass Family

     Information From

    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • A http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Schizaeaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Schizaeaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).