Smilacaceae Vent.
  • Tabl. Regn. Veg. 2: 146. 1799. (5 May 1799)
  • Catbrier Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Smilacaceae Vent. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000571. Accessed on: 12 Jul 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, herbs, or vines, perennial, rhizomatous. Stems erect or climbing, usually prickly, sometimes unarmed. Leaves opposite or alternate, prominently 3-veined, reticulate between veins, usually bearing tendrils, usually leathery. Inflorescences umbellate [or racemose or spicate]. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants; tepals 6, distinct, rarely united into perianth tube; stamens 2–3-whorled, anthers 1-locular; pistillate flowers bearing staminodes, pistil 3-carpellate; ovary 2-locular, 1–2 ovules per locule. Fruits baccate. Seeds 1–3.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Staminodes present in the female flower

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovules 1-2 in each loculus, pendulous

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    Seeds 1-3; embryo small in hard endosperm

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit a berry

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers dioecious or rarely bisexual, small, arranged in axillary umbels, racemes or spikes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Leaves alternate or opposite, 3-nerved, reticulate-veiny between the nerves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Stamens 6; filaments free or united; anthers apparently 1-locular by the confluence of the cells, introrse

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Perianth-segments 6, free or rarely united

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Shrubs, climbing or straggling, often with tendril-like petioles and prickly stems and branches; roots from an often stout rhizome; stems leafy

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Stems and branches often aculeate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Seed globose or lenticular; endosperm hard

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Robust, climbing or pendent shrubs, usually dioecious, glabrous, rarely pubescent; roots arising from compact rhizome

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate, thin or coriaceous, curvinerved, with 3-7 main nerves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescence of few-many-flowered umbels; umbels solitary, or arranged in racemes or spikes

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    Modified stipules forming 2 caducous tendrils arising from distinct, persistent leaf-sheath at base of petiole

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Male flowers with 3 or 6(-15) stamens; filaments sometimes united into a column; anthers introrse; pistillode absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers regular, unisexual; perianth-segments 6, free or rarely united

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Fruit a 1-3-seeded, globose or broadly obovoid berry

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Female flowers with 1-6 filiform staminodes; ovary superior, sessile, 3-locular; locules with 1-2 ovules; stigmas 3, recurved

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Arber, A. 1920. Tendrils of Smilax. Bot. Gaz. 69: 438–442. Coker, W. C. 1944. The woody smilaxes of the United States. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 60: 27–69, plates 9–39. Duncan, W. H. 1975. Woody Vines of the Southeastern United States. Athens, Ga. Fernald, M. L. 1944. Overlooked species, transfers, and novelties in the flora of eastern North America. Rhodora 46: 1–28, 32–60. Judd, W. S. 1998. The Smilacaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Pap. Bot. 3: 147–169. Mangaly, J. K. 1968. A cytotaxonomic study of the herbaceous species of Smilax: Section Coprosmanthus. Rhodora 70: 55–82, 247–273. Morong, T. 1894. The Smilaceae [sic] of North and Central America. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 419–448. Pennell, F. W. 1916b. Notes on plants of the southern United States—II. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 409–421.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Included Genus

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Catbrier Family

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Smilacaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).