Tamaricaceae Link
  • Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 291. 1821. (16 Mar-30 Jun 1821)
  • Tamarisk Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tamaricaceae Link. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000596. Accessed on: 21 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or trees [subshrubs], usually halophytes, rheophytes, or xerophytes. Leaves alternate, scalelike [subulate], small; stipules absent. Inflorescences simple or compound racemes usually equal or more in number to petals, distinct [connate basally or fasciculate], often attached to fleshy nectar disc; pistil (2–)3–4(–5)-carpellate; ovary 1-locular, sometimes almost plurilocular, ovules 2+ per placenta, anatropous, bitegmic; placentation parietal, basal, or parietal-basal; styles [2–]3–4[–5] [absent, stigmas sessile]. Fruits capsular, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds comose at one end [hairy overall]; embryo straight; endosperm absent [scanty, starchy]; thin perisperm often present.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, subshrubs, or trees. Leaves small, mostly scale-like, alternate, estipulate, usually sessile, mostly with salt-secreting glands. Flowers usually in racemes or panicles, rarely solitary, usually hermaphroditic, regular. Calyx 4- or 5-fid, persistent. Petals 4 or 5, free, deciduous after anthesis or sometimes persistent. Disk inferior, usually thick, nectarylike. Stamens 4, 5, or more numerous, usually free, inserted on disk, rarely united into fascicle at base, or united up to half length into a tube. Anthers 2-thecate, longitudinally dehiscent. Pistil 1, consisting of 2-5 carpels; ovary superior, 1-loculed; placentation parietal, rarely septate, or basal; ovules numerous, rarely few; styles short, usually 2-5, free, sometimes united. Capsule conic, abaxially dehiscent. Seeds numerous, hairy throughout or awned at apex; awns puberulous from base or from middle; endosperm present or absent; embryo orthotropous.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Seeds with or without endosperm, with a tuft of hairs at the apex or all round; embryo straight

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees, with slender branches and small scale-like alternate leaves; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruit a capsule

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 1-celled, with parietal or basal placentas; styles 3–4, free or united at the base; ovules numerous, ascending

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Petals as many as the sepals, free

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Disk present

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers very small, actinomorphic, usually hermaphrodite, in slender catkin-like spikes or racemes

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Sepals 4–6, imbricate, free

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamens hypogynous, 5–10, free or connate at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening by longitudinal slits

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Disk present

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers in racemes or spikes or solitary, small, usually bisexual, regular, hypogynous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Calyx and corolla distinct, 5–4-merous, imbricate, free

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Xerophytic or halophytic shrubs or small trees, with slender branches and reduced subulate or scale-like, alternate, exstipulate, glandular-punctate leaves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Seeds ? with long hairs, with or without endosperm; embryo straight

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Fruit a capsule

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 1-locular; carpels 3–4; placentas 2–5, basal or parietal, each with 2 or more erect anatropous ovules; styles as many as carpels, free or united below or stigmas sessile

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stamens as many as petals and alternate with them, or twice as many in two alternating whorls; filaments mostly free, sometimes ± united, inserted on the disk; anthers 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Cheng, Z. M., Pan H. X., and Yin L. K. 2000. Study on the phytochemistry taxonomy of Tamarix L. and Myricaria Desv. Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 20: 275–282. Crins, W. J. 1989. The Tamaricaceae of the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 70: 403–425. Gaskin, J. F. et al. 2004. A systematic overview of Frankeniaceae and Tamaricaceae from nuclear rDNA and plastid sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 91: 401–409. Gupta, A. K. and Y. S. Murty. 1987. Floral anatomy in Tamaricaceae. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 275–282. Niedenzu, F. 1925. Tamaricaceae. In: H. G. A. Engler et al., eds. 1924+. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2. 26+ vols. Leipzig and Berlin. Vol. 21, pp. 282–289. Qaiser, M. 1987. Studies in the seed morphology of the family Tamaricaceae from Pakistan. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94: 469–484. Zhang, D. Y. et al. 2000. Systematic studies on some questions of Tamaricaceae based on ITS sequence. Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occident. Sin. 20: 421–431. Zhang, Y. M., Pan B. R., and Yin L. K. 1998. Seed morphology of Tamaricaceae in China arid areas and its systematic evolution. J. Pl. Resources Environm. 7(2): 22–27.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Tamarisk Family

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Tamaricaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).