Cyclopogon C.Presl
  • Reliq. Haenk. 1: 93 (1827) 
  • [Greek cyclo, circular, and pogon, beard, perhaps in reference to pubescent bases of sepals of the type species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2024): Cyclopogon C.Presl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000010276. Accessed on: 24 Feb 2024'

Local Descriptions

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General Information

CYCLOPOGON C. Presl

Terrestres o raramente epífitas, erectas y delgadas, raíces carnosas, fasciculadas y pilosas; tallos erectos, variadamente bracteados, terminando en una espiga laxa a densa. Hojas basales, arrosetadas; comúnmente pecioladas. Flores pequeñas y membranáceas; sépalos similares, el lateral oblicuo, connados basalmente formando sobre el ovario un tubo perpendicular cilíndrico, con la parte libre de los segmentos extendida, o completamente libres y subparalelos, con la base de la columna formando un mentón corto e imperceptible; pétalos conniventes con el sépalo dorsal, basalmente adnados por una corta distancia a los lados de la columna; labelo unguiculado a ampliamente unguiculado, sagitado, auriculado o cordado basalmente, los márgenes laterales aglutinados con los lados de la columna, la uña separada del tubo sepalino; columna erecta, libre, alargada, cilíndrica, pubescente en el frente, con base corta y oblicua sobre el ovario, estigmas 2, libres o confluentes, el rostelo suave, flexible, más largo que ancho, linear-oblongo hasta variadamente triangular, truncado o imperceptiblemente suprimido, la antera cóncavo-cuculada, umbonada, 2-locular; ovario cilíndrico a fusiforme, levemente retorcido, sésil.

Género con 55 especies de las regiones tropicales y subtropicales del Nuevo Mundo; 5 especies en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Terrestres o epífitas, con raíces fusiformes suculentas; tallos obsoletos. Hojas varias, herbáceas, ± pecio-ladas, no articuladas. Infl. terminal, erecta, de varias a muchas fls. Fls. resupinadas, pequeñas, tubulares; labelounguiculado, sagitado, auriculado o cordado; columna recta, con una pequeña base oblicua; antera dorsal;polinios 4, harinosos, claviformes, con un pequeño viscidio tipo cuña.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbs, terrestrial, sympodial. Roots fasciculate, fleshy, villous. Stems simple, rhizomatous. Leaves few to many, basal, petiolate; blade not articulate, convolute, mostly ovate to elliptic, soft. Inflorescences terminal, many-flowered spikes or racemes, erect; scapes bracteate. Flowers resupinate, horizontal, greenish or yellowish green, small; sepals subparallel, distinct or connate at base, forming obscure mentum with base of column or sepaline nectar tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip clawed, sagittate to cordate, constricted proximal to apex; lateral margins appressed to sides of column; column erect; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong, mealy; stylar canal entrance central; stigma lobes 2, distinct or approximate; rostellum longer than wide; viscidium relatively large, disc-shaped; ovary sessile or subsessile. Fruits capsules.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sympodial, cespitose, terrestrial herbs; roots fasciculate from a short rhizome, thick, fleshy, villous. Leaves nonarticulate, basal, petiolate. Flowers resupinate in terminal spikes or racemes; sepals subparallel, free or fused at base and forming an obscure mentum with base of column or a conspicuous sepaline nectar tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip unguiculate, sagittate to cordate, auricles often present, lateral margins appressed to sides of column; column erect; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong with an apical constriction, mealy with a relatively large disk-shaped viscidium; stylar canal entrance central, stigma lobes 2, free to approximate; rostellum soft, longer than wide; ovary sessile or subsessile. Fruit capsular. Rosulate acaulescent terrestrials with fleshy fasciculate roots. Leaves several, distinctly petiolate, sometimes patterned. Inflorescences erect, long-pedunculate racemes. Flowers small, membranous; sepals similar, free to basally connate into tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip clawed, sagittate-auriculate; column cylindric, pubescent on lower surface toward apex; pollinia 2, soft. Cyclopogon has been included in a broadly defined Spiranthes L. C. Richard. Plants sympodial, terrestrial herbs. Roots fasciculate from a short rhizome, fleshy, villous. Leaves nonarticulate, basal, few to many, petiolate. Inflorescences terminal, erect; scapes bracteate; spikes or racemes many-flowered. Flowers resupinate, small, horizontal. Ovary sessile or subsessile. Sepals subparallel, free or fused at base and forming an obscure mentum with base of column or a conspicuous sepaline nectar tube. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal. Lip unguiculate, saggitate to cordate, lateral margins adpressed to sides of column. Column erect; stylar canal entrance central, stigma lobes 2, free to approximate; rostellum soft, longer than wide; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong with an apical constriction, mealy with a relatively large disc-shaped viscidium. Fruit a caspule.

  • Provided by: [C].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A neotropical genus of about 70 species.

  • Provided by: [C].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 
    Flora of North America @ efloras.orgGeneral Information

    Herbs, terrestrial, sympodial. Roots fasciculate, fleshy, villous. Stems simple, rhizomatous. Leaves few to many, basal, petiolate; blade not articulate, convolute, mostly ovate to elliptic, soft. Inflorescences terminal, many-flowered spikes or racemes, erect; scapes bracteate. Flowers resupinate, horizontal, greenish or yellowish green, small; sepals subparallel, distinct or connate at base, forming obscure mentum with base of column or sepaline nectar tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip clawed, sagittate to cordate, constricted proximal to apex; lateral margins appressed to sides of column; column erect; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong, mealy; stylar canal entrance central; stigma lobes 2, distinct or approximate; rostellum longer than wide; viscidium relatively large, disc-shaped; ovary sessile or subsessile. Fruits capsules.

    Memoirs of the New York Botanical GardenDistribution

    A neotropical genus of about 70 species.

    General Information

    Sympodial, cespitose, terrestrial herbs; roots fasciculate from a short rhizome, thick, fleshy, villous. Leaves nonarticulate, basal, petiolate. Flowers resupinate in terminal spikes or racemes; sepals subparallel, free or fused at base and forming an obscure mentum with base of column or a conspicuous sepaline nectar tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip unguiculate, sagittate to cordate, auricles often present, lateral margins appressed to sides of column; column erect; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong with an apical constriction, mealy with a relatively large disk-shaped viscidium; stylar canal entrance central, stigma lobes 2, free to approximate; rostellum soft, longer than wide; ovary sessile or subsessile. Fruit capsular. Rosulate acaulescent terrestrials with fleshy fasciculate roots. Leaves several, distinctly petiolate, sometimes patterned. Inflorescences erect, long-pedunculate racemes. Flowers small, membranous; sepals similar, free to basally connate into tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip clawed, sagittate-auriculate; column cylindric, pubescent on lower surface toward apex; pollinia 2, soft. Cyclopogon has been included in a broadly defined Spiranthes L. C. Richard. Plants sympodial, terrestrial herbs. Roots fasciculate from a short rhizome, fleshy, villous. Leaves nonarticulate, basal, few to many, petiolate. Inflorescences terminal, erect; scapes bracteate; spikes or racemes many-flowered. Flowers resupinate, small, horizontal. Ovary sessile or subsessile. Sepals subparallel, free or fused at base and forming an obscure mentum with base of column or a conspicuous sepaline nectar tube. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal. Lip unguiculate, saggitate to cordate, lateral margins adpressed to sides of column. Column erect; stylar canal entrance central, stigma lobes 2, free to approximate; rostellum soft, longer than wide; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong with an apical constriction, mealy with a relatively large disc-shaped viscidium. Fruit a caspule. Rosulate acaulescent terrestrials with fleshy fasciculate roots. Leaves several, distinctly petiolate, sometimes patterned. Inflorescences erect, long-pedunculate racemes. Flowers small, membranous; sepals similar, free to basally connate into tube; petals connivent with dorsal sepal; lip clawed, sagittate-auriculate; column cylindric, pubescent on lower surface toward apex; pollinia 2, soft. Cyclopogon has been included in a broadly defined Spiranthes L. C. Richard. Plants sympodial, terrestrial herbs. Roots fasciculate from a short rhizome, fleshy, villous. Leaves nonarticulate, basal, few to many, petiolate. Inflorescences terminal, erect; scapes bracteate; spikes or racemes many-flowered. Flowers resupinate, small, horizontal. Ovary sessile or subsessile. Sepals subparallel, free or fused at base and forming an obscure mentum with base of column or a conspicuous sepaline nectar tube. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal. Lip unguiculate, saggitate to cordate, lateral margins adpressed to sides of column. Column erect; stylar canal entrance central, stigma lobes 2, free to approximate; rostellum soft, longer than wide; pollinia 2, clavate-oblong with an apical constriction, mealy with a relatively large disc-shaped viscidium. Fruit a caspule.

    Flora de NicaraguaGeneral Information

    CYCLOPOGON C. Presl

    Terrestres o raramente epífitas, erectas y delgadas, raíces carnosas, fasciculadas y pilosas; tallos erectos, variadamente bracteados, terminando en una espiga laxa a densa. Hojas basales, arrosetadas; comúnmente pecioladas. Flores pequeñas y membranáceas; sépalos similares, el lateral oblicuo, connados basalmente formando sobre el ovario un tubo perpendicular cilíndrico, con la parte libre de los segmentos extendida, o completamente libres y subparalelos, con la base de la columna formando un mentón corto e imperceptible; pétalos conniventes con el sépalo dorsal, basalmente adnados por una corta distancia a los lados de la columna; labelo unguiculado a ampliamente unguiculado, sagitado, auriculado o cordado basalmente, los márgenes laterales aglutinados con los lados de la columna, la uña separada del tubo sepalino; columna erecta, libre, alargada, cilíndrica, pubescente en el frente, con base corta y oblicua sobre el ovario, estigmas 2, libres o confluentes, el rostelo suave, flexible, más largo que ancho, linear-oblongo hasta variadamente triangular, truncado o imperceptiblemente suprimido, la antera cóncavo-cuculada, umbonada, 2-locular; ovario cilíndrico a fusiforme, levemente retorcido, sésil.

    Género con 55 especies de las regiones tropicales y subtropicales del Nuevo Mundo; 5 especies en Nicaragua.

    Manual de Plantas de Costa RicaGeneral Information

    Terrestres o epífitas, con raíces fusiformes suculentas; tallos obsoletos. Hojas varias, herbáceas, ± pecio-ladas, no articuladas. Infl. terminal, erecta, de varias a muchas fls. Fls. resupinadas, pequeñas, tubulares; labelounguiculado, sagitado, auriculado o cordado; columna recta, con una pequeña base oblicua; antera dorsal;polinios 4, harinosos, claviformes, con un pequeño viscidio tipo cuña.

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek cyclo, circular, and pogon, beard, perhaps in reference to pubescent bases of sepals of the type species]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    https://www.nybg.org/
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Orchidaceae
    https://powo.science.kew.org/
    World Flora Online Data. 2023.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2023.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).